MULTICULTURAL
MULTICULTURALISM




MULTICULTURAL

CROSS-CULTURAL

CROSS-CULTURAL SUCCESS

TRANSCULTURATION

CULTURAL DIVERSITY

MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION

IMMIGRATION

IMMIGRATION LINKS

XENOPHOBIA

DISCRIMINATION

INTERCULTURAL

INTERCULTURAL LINKS

MULTICULTURAL LINKS



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SECTION 1



MULTICULTURAL




Multiculturalism is the idea that modern
societies should embrace and even include
distinct cultural groups with equal social
status.

Whether or not cultural groups should have
distinct political status is a contested
issue among political scientists.

Some nations have adopted official policies
of multiculturalism, but the norm is varying
conditions of cultural diversity accompanied
by greater or lesser degrees of tolerance and
acceptance.

The term "multiculturalism" or multicultural
is also used to describe demographic conditions
of cultural and ethnic diversity where it occurs,
whether or not it is officially supported by
state policy.




Multicultural
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multicultural



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SECTION 2



CROSS-CULTURAL




Cross-cultural may refer to:

cross-cultural studies, a comparative
tendency in various fields of cultural
analysis, any of various forms of those
interactivity between members of any
disparate cultural groups;


cross-cultural communication,

interculturalism,

intercultural relations,

hybridity,

cosmopolitanism,

transculturation.



The discourse concerning cultural
interactivity, sometimes referred
to as cross-culturalism:


multiculturalism,

cosmopolitanism,

transculturation,

cultural diversity.



Cross-culturalism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-culturalism



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SECTION 3



CROSS-CULTURAL
SUCCESS




Cross-cultural Success:

How can we build good working
relationships across cultures?

How can I avoid offending people
from a different culture?

When I travel abroad, should I
adapt to "their" culture?
If so, how far?

Why do different nationalities
seem to behave differently in
meetings?

Is cultural stereotyping or
cultural generalization harmful,
or helpful?

How can I get different cultures
to work to a common deadline?

Why do some cultures always seem
to want to rush in to things?

Why do some nationalities seem to
take forever to agree anything?

Would we be more effective, or less,
if our team were all the same
nationality?

How can we ensure that the needs and
views of each country are considered,
without adding weeks to each project?

Why do I sometimes get the answer "Yes",
when they really mean "No"?

How can I best influence someone from
another culture?

How can we improve the effectiveness of
our business as we face the increasing
"global" challenges, which will require
international co-operation?

When is it not "culture" and when is
culture used as an excuse?



Global-Integration.com
http://www.global-integration.com/



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SECTION 4



TRANSCULTURATION




In simple terms, it reflects the natural
tendency of people, to resolve conflicts
over time, rather than exacerbating them.

In the modern context, both conflicts and
resolutions are amplified by communication
and transportation technology —the ancient
tendency of cultures drifting or remaining
apart has been replaced by stronger forces
for bringing societies together.

Where tranculturation impacts ethnicity and
ethnic issues the term "ethnoconvergence"
is sometimes used.



In one general sense,
transculturation covers:

war,

ethnic conflict,

racism,

multiculturalism,

cross-culturalism,

interracial marriage,

and any other of a number
of contexts that deal with
more than one culture.


In the other general sense, tranculturation
is the positive aspect of global phenomena
and human events, and where resolutions to
conflicts are inevitable.



Transculturation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transculturation



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SECTION 5



CULTURAL
DIVERSITY




Cultural diversity is the variety
of human societies or cultures in
a specific region, or in the world
as a whole.

As well as the more obvious cultural
differences that exist between peoples,
such as language, dress and traditions,
there are also significant variations
in the way societies organise themselves,
in their shared conception of morality,
and in the ways they interact with their
environment.



Cultural diversity
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_diversity



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SECTION 6



MULTICULTURAL
EDUCATION




"Multicultural education is a field
of study and an emerging discipline
whose major aim is to create equal
educational opportunities for the
students from:


diverse racial,

ethnic,

social-class,

cultural groups.


One of its important goals is to help
all students to acquire the knowledge,
attitudes, and skills needed to function
effectively in a pluralistic democratic
society and to interact, negotiate, and
communicate with peoples from diverse
groups in order to create a civic and
moral community that works for the common
good."

"Multicultural education not only draws
content, concepts, paradigms, and theories
from specialized interdisciplinary fields
such as ethnic studies and women studies
(and from history and the social and
behavioral sciences),


it also interrogates,

challenges,

reinterprets content,

concepts,

paradigms,

from the
established
disciplines.


Multicultural education applies content
from these fields and disciplines to
pedagogy and curriculum development in
educational settings.



North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL)
http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/presrvce/pe3lk1.htm/



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SECTION 7



IMMIGRATION




Immigration is the movement of people
from one nation-state to another. While
human migration has existed throughout
human history, immigration implies
long-term permanent residence (and often
eventual citizenship) by the immigrants:
tourists and short-term visitors are not
considered immigrants.

Illegal immigration refers to immigration
across national borders in a way that
violates the immigration laws of the
destination country.



Immigration
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigration



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SECTION 7A



IMMIGRATION
LINKS




American Immigration Center
http://www.us-immigration.com/

AMERICAS
http://www.americas.org/

Casa Historia
http://www.casahistoria.net/

Center for Immigration Studies
http://www.cis.org/

Eurasylum
http://www.eurasylum.org/

Immigration Newspaper Archive
http://www.immigrationarchive.com/

Information on Immigration to the U.S.
http://www.immigrationtest.org/

International Organisation for Migration
http://www.iom.int/

Politicos Latinos.com
http://www.politicoslatinos.com/

UNESCO
http://www.unesco.org/

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
http://www.uscis.gov/

US Immigration Support
http://www.usimmigrationsupport.org/



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SECTION 8


XENOPHOBIA




Xenophobia is a fear or contempt
of foreigners or strangers. It
comes from the Greek words meaning
"foreigner," "stranger," (phobos),
meaning "fear."

The term is typically used to describe
fear or dislike of foreigners or in
general of people different from one's
self.



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SECTION 8A



DISCRIMINATION




Discrimination:

General forms;

Ageism

Racism

Religious intolerance

Sexism

Xenophobia




Specific forms:

Ableism

Adultism

Biphobia

Classism

Elitism

Gerontophobia

Heightism

Homophobia

Lookism

Misogyny

Misandry

Social

Sizeism

Transphobia



Xenophobia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xenophobia



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SECTION 9



INTERCULTURAL




Interculturalism is the philosophy of
exchanges between cultural groups within
a society.

Various states have intercultural policies
which seek to encourage the socialization
of citizens of different origins.

Interculturalism requires an inherent openness
to be exposed to the culture of the "other".

Interculturalism seeks to enhance fusion by
looking for commonalities.



Interculturalism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interculturalism



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SECTION 9A



INTERCULTURAL
LINKS




Absolutely Intercultural
http://www.absolutely-intercultural.com/

American Council on International
Intercultural Education (ACIIE)

http://www.aciie.org/

American Field Service
http://www.afs.org/

Center for Intercultural Organizing
http://www.interculturalorganizing.org/

Intercultural Development Research
Association IDRA

http://www.idra.org/

Intercultural Journeys
http://www.interculturaljourneys.org/

Intercultural Student Experiences
http://www.isemn.net/

Inter Cultural Youth Exchange (ICYE) UK
http://www.icye.org.uk/

International Association for Translation
Intercultural Studies

http://www.iatis.org/

Polylog
http://www.polylog.org/

UNITED for Intercultural Action
http://www.united.non-profit.nl/

WOMEN'S INTERCULTURAL NETWORK
http://www.win-cawa.org/



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SECTION 10



MULTICULTURAL
MULTICULTURALISM
LINKS




Alpha Institute
http://www.alphai.org/

Association for Childhood Education International
http://www.acei.org/

Awesome Library
http://www.awesomelibrary.org/

Broadcasting Regulation and Cultural Diversity
http://www.brcd.net/

Cultural Diversity Focus Group
http://www.cdfg.org/

Ed Change
http://www.edchange.org/

Education World
http://www.education-world.com/

The Educator's Reference Desk
http://www.eduref.org/

ERIC Digests.org
http://www.ericdigests.org/

Foundation for Endangered Languages
http://www.ogmios.org/



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Global-Integration.com
http://www.global-integration.com/

International Network for Cultural Diversity
http://www.incd.net/

KID LINK
http://www.kidlink.org/

KID PROJ's Multi-Cultural Calendar
http://www.kidlink.org/KIDPROJ/MCC/

The Multicultural Advantage
http://www.multiculturaladvantage.com/

Multicultural Education
http://www.emtech.net/multicultural_education.html/

Multicultural Kids Inc.
http://www.multiculturalkids.com/

Multicultural Education Lesson Plans
http://www.eduref.org/cgi-bin/lessons.cgi/Social_Studies/Multicultural_Education/


Multicultural Media
http://www.multiculturalmedia.com/



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MultiCultural Review
http://www.mcreview.com/

The Multicultural Skyscraper
http://www.multicultural.net/

National Association for Multicultural Education
http://www.nameorg.org/

National Council for the Social Studies
http://www.socialstudies.org/

National MultiCultural Institute
http://www.nmci.org/

Native American Multi-cultural
Education School, Inc.

http://www.alphacdc.com/names/

New Horizons for Learning
http://www.newhorizons.org/

North Central Regional Educational
Laboratory (NCREL)

http://www.ncrel.org/

The Ocean City Free Public Library
Multicultural Databases

http://www.oceancitylibrary.org/services/databases/multicultural.html/

Our World Global Citizenship Education
http://www.ourworldgce.net/

The Teaching Multicultural Students Guidebook
http://www.accreditedschoolsonline.org/education-teaching-degree/multicultural-students/

TEACH-NOLOGY
http://www.teach-nology.com/

UNESCO Global Alliance for Cultural Diversity
http://www.unesco.org/culture/alliance/

World Economic Forum
http://www.weforum.org/



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