TOURISM




TOURISM

TYPES OF TOURISM

TOURISM LINKS

ADVENTURE TOURISM

ADVENTURE TOURISM LINKS

ECOLOGICAL TOURISM

DEFINITION PRINCIPLES

SUSTAINABLE TRAVEL

AGRITOURISM

AGRITOURISM EXAMPLES

AGRITOURISM LINKS

GEOTOURISM

GEOTOURISM LINKS

ALTERNATIVE ENTERPRISES

CULTURAL HERITAGE TOURISM

WORLD HERITAGE SITE

HERITAGE TOURISM LINKS

ECOLOGICAL TOURISM LINKS



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SECTION 1



TOURISM




Tourism is the act of travel for
predominantly recreational or
leisure purposes, and also refers
to the provision of services in
support of this act.

According to the World Tourism
Organization, tourists are people
who "travel to and stay in places
outside their usual environment
for not more than one consecutive
year for leisure, business and
other purposes not related to the
exercise of an activity remunerated
from within the place visited".

As a service industry, tourism has
numerous tangible and intangible
elements.


Major tangible
elements include:
transportation,
accommodation,
and other components
of a hospitality
industry.


Major intangible elements relate to
the purpose or motivation for becoming
a tourist, such as rest, relaxation,
the opportunity to meet new people and
experience other cultures, or simply to
do something different and have an
adventure.




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SECTION 2



TYPES
OF
TOURISM




Domestic tourism,
involving residents of the
given country traveling
only within this country.


Inbound tourism,
involving non-residents
traveling in the given
country.


Outbound tourism,
involving residents
traveling in another
country.


Internal tourism,
which comprises domestic
tourism and inbound
tourism.


National tourism,
which comprises domestic
tourism and outbound
tourism.


International tourism,
which consists of
inbound tourism and
outbound tourism.



The UN also derived different
categories of tourism by
combining the 3 basic forms of
tourism.



United Nations World
Tourism Organisation

http://www.unwto.org/



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SECTION 2A



TOURISM
LINKS




Access Attractions
http://www.accessattractions.com/

ARGOS TRANSLATIONS
http://www.argostranslations.com/

Atlas Navigator
http://www.atlasnavigator.com/

Global Travel Online
http://www.globaltravelonline.com/

Hobo Traveler.com
http://www.hobotraveler.com/

Kasbah.com
http://www.kasbah.com/

Kayak.com
http://www.kayak.com/

Sustainable Travel International
http://www.sustainabletravelinternational.org/

Travel-Directory.org
http://www.travel-directory.org/

Travel Hops
http://www.travelhops.com

TYZO
http://www.tyzo.com/

World Web.com
http://www.worldweb.com/



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SECTION 3



ADVENTURE
TOURISM




Local area,
parks, national,
international, global.




Adventure travel, adventure,
tours, animal treks, bicyling,
climbing, cultures, eco tours,
outdoors, whitewater rafting,
camping gear, canoeing, winter
sports, fishing, mountaineering,
outdoor equipment, wilderness
travel and paddle sports, ski,
bicycling, climbing, kayaking,
camping, winter sports, fishing,
hunting, rafting, parks, local,
national, internatioal, global.




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SECTION 3A



ADVENTURE
TOURISM
LINKS




Adventure Center
http://www.adventurecenter.com/

Adventure Sports Online
http://www.adventuresportsonline.com/

Adventure Travel Tips
http://www.adventuretraveltips.com/

Ecotourism Adventure Specialists
http://www.ecotourism-adventure.com/

iExplore
http://www.iexplore.com/

Outdoor Trips.Info
http://www.outdoortrips.info/



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SECTION 4



ECOLOGICAL
TOURISM




Ecological tourism,
usually shortened ecotourism,
is a form of tourism which
aims to be both ecologically
and socially conscious.

It is defined both as a
concept-tourism movement
and as a tourism,
(specifically sustainable
tourism) section.

Generally speaking,
ecotourism
focuses on:
local culture,
wilderness adventures,
volunteering,
personal growth,
learning new ways to
live on the planet;
typically involving
travel to destinations
where the flora, fauna,
and cultural heritage are
the primary attractions.

Responsible ecotourism
includes programs that
minimize the adverse
effects of traditional
tourism on the natural
environment, and enhance
the cultural integrity of
local people.

Ideally, true ecotourism
should satisfy several
criteria[citation needed],
such as:

conservation:
justification for conservation
of biological diversity and
cultural diversity, through
ecosystems protection.

promotion of sustainable use
of biodiversity, by providing
jobs to local populations.

sharing of socio-economic
benefits with local communities
and indigenous people by having
their informed consent and the
participation in the management
of ecotourism enterprises.

increase of environmental and
cultural knowledge.

minimisation of tourism's own
environmental impact.

affordability and lack of waste
in the form of luxury.

local culture, flora and fauna
being the main attractions.



Ecotourism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecotourism



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SECTION 5



DEFINITIONS
AND
PRINCIPLES




Responsible travel to natural
areas that conserves the
environment and improves the
well-being of local people."

Ecotourism is about connecting
conservation, communities, and
sustainable travel.

This means that those who
implement and participate in
responsible tourism activities
should follow the following
ecotourism principles.

minimize impact.

build environmental
and cultural awareness
and respect.

provide positive
experiences for
both visitors
and hosts.

provide direct
financial benefits
for conservation.

provide financial
benefits and
empowerment for
local people.

raise sensitivity
to host countries'
political,
environmental,
social climate.




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SECTION 6



SUSTAINABLE
TRAVEL




Sustainable travel is:
Tourism that meets the needs
of present tourists and host
regions while protecting and
enhancing opportunities for
the future.




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SECTION 7



AGRITOURISM




one alternative for improving the
incomes and potential economic
viability of small farms and
rural communities.

This is including fairs,
festivals, markets,etc.

Agritourism is a style of vacation
in which hospitality is offered on
farms.
This may include the opportunity to
assist with farming tasks during the
visit. Agritourism is often practiced
in wine growing regions, as in Italy,
France and Spain.

In America, Agritourism is wide-spread
and includes any farm open to the public
at least part of the year.

Tourists can pick fruits and vegetables,
ride horses, taste honey, learn about
wine, shop in gift shops and farm stands
for local and regional produce or some
hand-crafted gifts, and much more.

Each farm generally offers a unique and
memorable experience suitable for the
entire family.

Agritourism is being developed as a
valuable component of a business model
to support many agricultural entities
when the farm products they produce are
no longer economically competitive
otherwise.

To help promote the single agritourism
operations, some farms get together to
form festivals, tours or other events.



Agritourism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agritourism



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SECTION 8



AGRITOURISM
EXAMPLES




Agricultural,
horticultural,
agribusiness,
working farms.




Agritourism describes the act of
visiting a working farm or any
agricultural, horticultural or
agribusiness operation to enjoy,
be educated or be involved in
activities.


Examples of
agritourism:


farm tours for families
and school children,

day camps,

hands-on chores,

self-harvesting
of produce,

hay or sleigh rides,

overnight stays in
a bed and breakfast.

Some people become involved
in agritourism as a way of
supplementing their income.

Others desire an opportunity
to educate the public and
introduce people to farming.



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SECTION 8A



AGRITOURISM
LINKS




Agri-Business Council
of Oregon

http://www.aglink.org/

Ag Marketing Resource Center
http://www.agmrc.org/

AgroTourNet
http://www.agrotour.net/

AgrSupport Online
http://www.agrisupportonline.com/

Agritourism
http://www.agmrc.org/

Agritourism World
http://www.agritourismworld.com/

Agriscape
http://www.agriscape.com/



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British Columbia AgriTourism
BCATA

http://www.agritourismbc.org/

Community, Food And
Agriculture Program

http://www.cfap.org/

Farm Stop.com
http://www.farmstop.com/

India Agri Tourism
http://www.agritourism.in/

National Association of RESOURCE
CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT COUNCILS

http://www.rcdnet.org/

Natural Resources
Conservation Service

http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/

The Rural Economic Development
Through Tourism Project (REDTT)

http://www.redtt.org/



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Rural evolution
Canadian Geographic

http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/

Small Farm Center
http://www.sfc.ucdavis.edu/

Sustainable Agriculture
Research and Education

http://www.sare.org/

National Resource
Conservation Service

http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/

North American Farmers Direct
Marketing Association

http://www.nafdma.com/

National Agricultural Library, USDA
http://www.nal.usda.gov/

Treinen Farm
http://www.treinenfarm.com/



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SECTION 9



GEOTOURISM



Tourism Geography or Geotourism is
the study of travel and tourism as
an industry, as a human activity,
and especially as a place-based
experience.

From a geographical point of view,
tourism consists of the places of
the tourist origin (or tourist
generating areas), the tourist
destinations (or places of tourism
supply), and the relationship
(connections) between origin and
destination places, which includes
transportation routes, business
relationships, and the traveler
motivations.

Geography is fundamental to the
study of tourism because tourism
is geographical in nature.

Tourism occurs in places, it involves
movement and activities across
geographic space (between places), and
it is an activity in which both place
characteristics and the personal
self-identities are formed through the
relationships that are created among
places, landscapes and people.

Physical geography provides the essential
background against which tourism places
are created, and environmental impacts and
concerns are major issues that must be
considered in managing the development of
tourism places.



Geotourism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geotourism



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SECTION 9A



GEOTOURISM
LINKS



Association of
American Geographers

http://www.geog.nau.edu/

Aurum Exploration
http://www.aurumexploration.com/

Byways
http://www.byways.org/

Degree Confluence Project
http://www.confluence.org/

GeoBloggers
http://www.geobloggers.com/

Geo Tourism
http://www.geotourism-tr.com/

Green Maps
http://www.greenmaps.org/

International Geographical Union
http://www.geog.nau.edu/

International Living
http://www.internationalliving.com/

National Geographic
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/

World Changing
http://www.worldchanging.com/



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SECTION 10



ALTERNATIVE
ENTERPRISES
AGRITOURISM




Alternative Enterprises
and Agritourism.
Alternative enterprises
can take many forms.
But they all have a
common theme.




Alternative, agritourism enterprises
allow farmers and ranchers to earn
higher profits by replacing or the
supplementing of traditional farm
operations with innovative on-farm
or on-ranch ventures.

Alternative enterprises can take
many forms. They can produce food
and fiber or have little to do
with agriculture.

They can produce new or unique
crops or livestock or add value
to traditional agricultural
products.

They can produce fun, recreation,
nature-based, or educational
products.

They can rely on traditional farm
practices or use alternative methods,
such as organic systems. They can be
labor and resource intensive or
require few inputs. They can operate
seasonally, or year-round.

But they all have a common theme:
farmers and ranchers rely on the
natural resources on their land,
the soil, water, air, plants,
wildlife, and scenery to keep
their family on the farm and
the farm in their family.

They also require sound land care.
Since the land's resources generate
income, conserving those resources
makes good business sense.



Natural Resources
Conservation Service

http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Technical/RESS/altenterprise/



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SECTION 11



CULTURAL
HERITAGE
TOURISM




Cultural heritage tourism, heritage tourism,
is a branch of tourism oriented towards the
cultural heritage of the location where
tourism is occurring.

Culture has always been a major object of travel,
as the development of the Grand Tour from the
16th century onwards attests.

In the 20th century, some people have claimed,
culture ceased to be the objective of tourism:
tourism is now culture.

Cultural attractions play an important role in
tourism at all levels, from the global highlights
of world culture to attractions that underpin
local identities.



Heritage tourism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heritage_tourism



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SECTION 11A



WORLD
HERITAGE
SITE




A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific
site, such as a forest, mountain, lake,
desert, monument, building, complex, or city,
that has been nominated and confirmed for
inclusion on the list maintained by the
international World Heritage Programme
administered by the UNESCO World Heritage
Committee, composed of 21 State Parties,
countries, which are elected by the General
Assembly of States Parties for a fixed term.



World Heritage Sites
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Heritage_Sites



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SECTION 11B



CULTURAL
HERITAGE
TOURISM
LINKS




Cultural Heritage Tourism
http://www.culturalheritagetourism.org/

European Route of
Industrial Heritage

http://www.erih.net/

Jewish Heritage synagogues
http://www.slovak-jewish-heritage.org/

National Trust
http://www.nationaltrust.org/

Organization of World
Heritage Cities

http://www.ovpm.org/

USA-UN Man and Biosphere
http://www.sovereignty.net/

V R Heritage.org
http://www.vrheritage.org/

Worldheritage-Forum
http://worldheritage-forum.net/en/

World Heritage Tour
http://www.world-heritage-tour.org/

World Heritage Site
http://www.worldheritagesite.org/



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SECTION 12



TOURISM
LINKS




The International Ecotourism Society
http://www.ecotourism.org/

Conservation International
http://www.conservation.org/

Ecotourism Adventure Specialists
http://www.ecotourism-adventure.com/

The Ecotourism Network
http://www.ecotourism.net/

Ecotourism Training Center
http://www.etcth.org/

Global Ecotourism Conference
http://www.ecotourismglobalconference.org/

The International Ecotourism Society
http://www.ecotourism.org/

International Ecotourism Club
http://www.ecoclub.com/

The Nature Conservancy
http://www.nature.org/

People and Planet Net
http://www.peopleandplanet.net/

Planeta
http://www.planeta.com/

Responsible Travel
http://www.responsibletravel.com/



SURVIVAL WAREHOUSE
http://www.survival-warehouse.com/




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ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

AQUACULTURE

BENEFICIAL INSECTS

CLINICAL ECOLOGY

COMPOST

CO-OP CO-OPERATIVE

GAIA

GREEN-INDEX

HEMP

LIVESTOCK

LIVING MUSEUM

LIST LIVING MUSEUM

LIVINGWALLS

MICROENTERPRISE

ORGANIC GARDENING

PLANT CARE-INDEX

NATURAL POLLINATORS

POND-FACTS

SEWAGE TREATMENT

SOCIAL SKILLS

SOIL SCIENCE

VEGETABLE FRUIT CARE

WASTE WATER TREATMENT



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