Emergency: is a situation that poses
an immediate threat to human life or
that of serious damage to property.
FORMS OF EMERGENCY
DISASTER EMERGENCY KITS
BASIC FIRST AID KITS 1
BASIC FIRST AID KITS 2
PERSONAL FIRST AID KITS
EMERGENCY AID STATION KITS
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First aid is the immediate and temporary
aid provided to a sick or injured person
or animal until medical treatment can be
It generally consists of series of simple,
life-saving medical techniques that a
non-doctor or lay person can be trained
to perform with minimal equipment.
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Safety is the state of being safe, the
condition of being protected against:
or other types or consequences of failure,
damage, error, accidents, harm or any other
event which could be considered dangerous.
Protection is from both the cause and from
exposure to something that is not safe.
It can include physical protection or that of
possessions. Safety is often in relation to
some guarantee of a standard of insurance to
the quality and unharmful function of a thing
It is used in order to ensure that the thing
or organization will do only what it is wanted
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Forms of emergency:
crime such as a violent
crime in progress;
natural disasters such as:
man-made disasters such as:
structural collapse whether by fire,
explosion (unintentional or by terrorism),
or poor design,
state of emergency declared by a government
during some disaster such as a terrorist
attack or declaration of war.
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There are six basics you should stock for your home:
3. FIRST AID SUPPLIES,
4. CLOTHING AND BEDDING,
5. TOOLS AND EMERGENCY SUPPLIES,
6. SPECIAL ITEMS.
You want to keep the items that you would most
likely need during an evacuation in an easy-to
carry container. suggested items are marked
with an asterisk(*). Possible containers include
a large, covered trash container, a camping
backpack, or a duffle bag.
Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles.
Avoid using containers that will decompose or break, such as
milk cartons or glass bottles. A normally active person needs
to drink at least two quarts of water each day. Hot environments
and intense physical activity can double that amount. Children,
nursing mothers, and ill people will need more.
Store one gallon of water per person per day. Keep at least a
three-day supply of water per person (two quarts for drinking,
two quarts for each person in your household for food
preparation and sanitation).
Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food.
Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation
or cooking, and little or no water. If you must heat food,
pack a can of sterno. Select food items that are compact
and lightweight. Include a selection of the following foods
in your Disaster Supplies Kit:
Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables
Staples (salt, sugar, pepper, spices, etc.)
High energy foods
Food for infants
Comfort and stress foods
FIRST AID KIT
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car.
(20) adhesive bandages, various sizes.
(1) 5" x 9" sterile dressing.
(1) conforming roller gauze bandage.
(2) triangular bandages.
(2) 3 x 3 sterile gauze pads.
(2) 4 x 4 sterile gauze pads.
(1) roll 3" cohesive bandage.
(2) germicidal hand wipes or waterless alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
(6) antiseptic wipes.
(2) pair large medical grade non-latex gloves.
Adhesive tape, 2" width.
Scissors (small, personal).
CPR breathing barrier, such as a face shield.
Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever
Antacid (for stomach upset)
Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the
Poison Control Center
(use if advised by the Poison Control Center)
TOOLS AND SUPPLIES
Mess kits, or paper cups, plates, and plastic utensils*
Emergency preparedness manual*
Battery-operated radio and extra batteries*
Flashlight and extra batteries*
Cash or traveler's checks, change*
Non-electric can opener, utility knife*
Fire extinguisher: small canister ABC type
Matches in a waterproof container
Plastic storage containers
to turn off household gas and water
Map of the area (for locating shelters)
Toilet paper, towelettes*
Soap, liquid detergent*
Personal hygiene items*
Plastic garbage bags, ties
(for personal sanitation uses)
Plastic bucket with tight lid
Household chlorine bleach
*Include at least one complete change of clothing
and footwear per person.
Sturdy shoes or work boots*
Blankets or sleeping bags*
Hat and gloves
Remember family members with special requirements,
such as infants and elderly or disabled persons,
Heart and high blood pressure medication
Contact lenses and supplies
Extra eye glasses
Games and books
IMPORTANT FAMILY DOCUMENTS
Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container:
Will, insurance policies, contracts deeds, stocks and bonds
Passports, social security cards, immunization records
Bank account numbers
Credit card account numbers and companies.
Inventory of valuable household goods,
important telephone numbers
Family records (birth, marriage,
Store your kit in a convenient place
known to all family members. Keep a
smaller version of the supplies kit
in the trunk of your car.
Keep items in airtight plastic bags.
Change your stored water supply every
six months so it stays fresh. Replace
your stored food every six months.
Re-think your kit and family needs at
least once a year. Replace batteries,
update clothes, etc.
Ask your physician or pharmacist about
storing prescription medications.
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BASIC FIRST AID KITS 1:
The American College of Emergency
Physicians suggests that these
items be in your Home First Aid Kit:
Acetaminophen, ibuprofen and aspirin
tablets (Aspirin should not be used
to relieve flu symptoms or be taken
Oral medicine syringe (for children),
Bandages of assorted sizes,
Bandage closures; safety pins,
Gauze and adhesive tapes,
Sharp scissors with rounded tips,
Disposable, instant-activating cold packs,
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BASIC FIRST AID KITS 2:
Include the following in
each of your first-aid kits:
adhesive bandages in several sizes,
(like hydrogen peroxide),
hydrocortisone cream (1%),
acetaminophen and ibuprofen,
extra prescription medications,
(if the family is going on vacation),
disposable instant cold packs,
alcohol wipes or ethyl alcohol,
plastic gloves (at least 2 pairs),
flashlight and extra batteries,
mouthpiece for administering CPR.
(can be obtained from your local Red Cross)
your list of emergency phone numbers
blanket (stored nearby).
After you've stocked your first-aid kits:
Read the entire first-aid manual so
you'll understand how to use the
contents of your kits.
(If your children are old enough to
understand, review the manuals with
them as well.)
Store first-aid kits in places that
are out of children's reach but easily
accessible for adults.
Check the kits regularly.
Replace missing items or medicines that
may have expired.
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First Aid Kit List:
1 - roll 1" cloth tape,
4 - 4" x 4", or 3" x 3" general gauze pads,
2 - non-adherent gauze pads,
1 - 8" x 7" combine (bulk) dressing,
8 - band-aid bandages,
2 - 3" or 4" stretch roller gauze,
3 - 3" or 4" occlusive dressings,
2 - triangular bandages,
1 - 4" ace wrap,
1 - Sam Splint or wire splint,
4pr - vinyl exam gloves,
1 - CPR pocket mask w/ 1 way valve or shield,
1 - Airways, nasal and/or airway,
1 - blister kit (personal preference),
5 - povodine iodine packets,
1 - trauma scissors,
1 - splinter tweezers,
1 - thermometer,
1 - med kit (personal preference),
1 - blanket pin,
2 - safety pins,
1 - 12 to 60cc syringe,
1 - 20-30' duct tape.
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Most store bought first aid kits,
especially the cheap ones, are
very poor in terms of quality,
quantity, and selection of items,
and are only suited for treating
very minor injuries.
A homemade kit, if properly prepared,
is generally better and sometimes
cheaper than most commercial kits.
A generic first aid kit is better
than nothing. However, the contents
of a first aid kit should be optimized
for local conditions.
For example, a kit for hikers in snake
country should have a snakebite kit. A
kit aboard a boat should have medications
One list of items for a first
aid kit are as follows:
(Sterile, applied directly to wound)
Adhesive bandages are one of the most
commonly used items in a first aid kit,
Sterile eye pads,
Sterile gauze pads,
Sterile nonadherent pads,
(sterile pad soaked in a cooling gel),
(airtight dressing, can be used to treat
a 'sucking chest wound', in which air is
sucked into the chest cavity, collapsing
the lung(pneumothorax). For this use,
occlussive dressings should be taped on
3 sides only, to create a 'one-way valve'),
(also used as non-adherent dressing)
Half of any gauze wrapper can be used,
since the inside is sterile and air-tight
(sterility is not necessary, used to secure
Gauze Roller bandages
used for sprains,
elastic roller bandages
Very effective pressure
bandages or durable,
used as slings,
to tie splints,
and many other uses
Sometimes the dressings
and bandages are combined,
in which case it must be
(band-aids, sticking plasters)
straight adhesive bandages,
Disposable gloves should be
provided in a first aid kit
for cutting clothing
and general use.
for cleaning wounds,
rubber suction bulb,
for clearing the airway
of an unconscious patient.
Sawyer extractor if treating
snakebites is a concern.
This is the only snakebite kit
generally recognised as not
causing further damage and
possibly reducing the effects
of a snakebite.
A flashlight is a useful addition
to a first aid kit, especially one
placed in a vehicleSplint(s).
Versatile splint made of malleable
aluminum covered with foam.
Air splints - Easy to apply, can
also help control bleeding, but
bulkier and more expensive.
Wire ladder splint,
Personal Protective Equipment(PPE).
Gloves, disposable non-latex.
CPR face shield or other breathing
Eye cup or small plastic cup.
Instant-acting chemical cold packs,
(lightweight plastic foil blanket),
Sterile eye wash (commonly saline),
Sterile saline may also be used for
cleaning wounds where clean tap water
is not available.
Swabs, sterile non-woven,
Hand Sanitizer or antiseptic hand
Medication, (single use packets of
medications, ointments, and antiseptics
will prolong shelf life, decrease
contamination risk, reduce risk of leakage
(usually), and save space(for small
If large amounts of a medication are needed,
a multi-use container can be used in addition,
but keep single-use packets as a backup. For
general household use(not in first aid kits),
single use packets can be wasteful and bad for
Povidone iodine wipes - very effective and
painless, but messy. Can also be used to
painless, effective, often includes anesthetic
should not be used on open cuts or wounds,
since they cause tissue damage and delay
healing. They can be used to prep unbroken
skin for injections etc. or to disenfect
equipment such as thermometers. While not
a medical use, alcohol pads are also useful
as a solvent to remove ink, adhesives, etc.
single, double, or triple antibiotic ointment
in petroleum jelly base(i.e. Neosporin,
Polysporin). Since it has a petroleum jelly
base, it can be used for things such as chapped
Antiseptic/anesthetic ointment or spray,
(especially for outdoor kits).
antihistamine cream, such as benadryl,
Painkillers / fever reducers,
(Since moderate fevers are beneficial,
avoid unless necessary)
Acetaminophen(brand name Tylenol),
Ibuprofin(such as Advil),
anti-inflammatory, often more effective
Naproxen(such as Aleve)
similar to ibuprofin, but stronger and
one 300mg Aspirin tablet may be given to
a patient suffering a heart attack, to be
can treat allergies and allergic reactions,
including life-threatening anaphylactic shock.
Although OTC(over-the-counter) medications are
far less effective at treating anaphylaxis than
epinephrine or prescription drugs, they are much
better than nothing and can be potentially life
saving, and therefore may be the most valuable
medication in a first aid kit.
(brand name Benadryl),
Aloe vera gel,
used for a wide variety of skin problems,
including burns, sunburns, itching, and
a water based gel that acts as a cooling
agent and often inludes a mild anasthetic
such as lidocaine, and sometimes and an
antiseptic such as tea tree oil.
injector(brand name Epipen),
Often included in kits for wilderness use
and in places like summer camps, to treat
anaphylactic shock. Requires a prescription
and can be used with minimal training.
to be used when directed by poison control.
Syrup of ipecac - to be used when directed
by poison control.
QuikClot is a hemostatic agent sometimes
included in first aid kits, especially
military kits, to control severe bleeding.
It is recent product not yet widely marketed
to civilians, although in 2002 Z-Medica(maker
of QuikClot) received FDA clearance to do so.
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The American National Red Cross
American Veterinary Medical Association
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
CPR and Basic Life Support
The Disaster Center
Disaster Preparation Guide
Disasters : A Preparation & Safety Awareness Guide For Travellers
E Medicine Health.com
Emergency Food Supply
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS SERVIVES
Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA
First Aid Links
Friends of Animals
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Guides to Disaster Recovery
Home Emergency & Disaster Safety
Natural Disasters & Severe Weather
National Safety Council | Emergency Preparedness Plan & Checklist
Pet Disaster Preparedness - ASPCA
Prepare, Plan & Stay Informed for Emergencies
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MILITARY SEXUAL TRAUMA PROGRAM
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