URBAN
URBANIZATION
SUBURBAN




URBANIZATION

CAUSES

INTELLIGENT URBANISM

URBANIZATION LINKS



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SECTION 1



URBAN
URBANIZATION
URBANISATION
URBAN DRIFT




Urbanization, Urbanisation or Urban Drift is
the physical growth of urban areas as a result
of global change. Urbanization is also defined
by the United Nations as movement of people
from rural to urban areas with population growth
equating to urban migration.

The United Nations projected that half of the
world's population would live in urban areas at
the end of 2008.

Urbanization is closely linked to modernization,
industrialization, and the sociological process
of rationalization.




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SECTION 2



CAUSES




Urbanization occurs naturally from individual
and corporate efforts to reduce time and expense
in commuting and transportation while improving
opportunities for jobs, education, housing, and
transportation.

Living in cities permits individuals and families
to take advantage of the opportunities of proximity,
diversity, and marketplace competition.



Urbanization
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urbanization



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SECTION 3



INTELLIGENT
URBAN




Principles of Intelligent Urbanism (PIU) is a
theory of urban planning composed of a set of
ten axioms intended to guide the formulation
of city plans and urban designs.

They are intended to reconcile and integrate
diverse urban planning and management concerns.
These axioms include environmental sustainability,
heritage conservation, appropriate technology,
infrastructure efficiency, placemaking, "Social
Access," transit oriented development, regional
integration, human scale, and institutional
integrity.

The term was coined by Prof. Christopher
Charles Benninger.




1. a balance with nature


2. a balance with tradition


3. appropriate technology


4. conviviality


A place for the individual

A place for friendship

A place for householders

A place for the neighborhood

A place for communities

A place for the city domain



5. efficiency


6. human scale


7. opportunity matrix


8. regional integration


9. balanced movement


10. institutional integrity



Principles of Intelligent Urbanism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principles_of_Intelligent_Urbanism



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SECTION 4



URBANIZATION
LINKS




CNU Congress of new urbanism
http://www.cnu.org

Geopolis
http://www.e-geopolis.eu

The humanitarian dimension of urbanization
http://www.irinnews.org/InDepthMain.aspx?InDepthId=63&ReportId=73996

Living Architecture
http://www.hindu.com/mag/2006/07/16/stories/2006071600080700.htm

Nature in the City
http://www.johnsankey.ca/urban.html

PIU and the Middle Path
http://www.buddhistchannel.tv/index.php?id=9,2945,0,0,1,0

Thimphu Structure Plan
http://www.dudh.gov.bt/Thimphustructural/Index.html

Urban Policy and Research
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/08111146.html

Urban Studies
http://www.gla.ac.uk/urbanstudiesjournal/



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