THE BLACK PANTHER PARTY
The Ten Point Plan
1. WE WANT FREEDOM. WE WANT POWER TO DETERMINE
THE DESTINY OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES.
We believe that Black and oppressed people will not be free until we
are able to determine our destinies in our own communities ourselves,
by fully controlling all the institutions which exist in our communities.
2. WE WANT FULL EMPLOYMENT FOR OUR PEOPLE.
We believe that the federal government is responsible and obligated to
give every person employment or a guaranteed income. We believe that if
the American businessmen will not give full employment, then the technology
and means of production should be taken from the businessmen and placed in
the community so that the people of the community can organize and employ
all of its people and give a high standard of living.
3. WE WANT AN END TO THE ROBBERY BY THE CAPITALISTS
OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES.
We believe that this racist government has robbed us and now we are demanding
the overdue debt of forty acres and two mules. Forty acres and two mules were
promised 100 years ago as restitution for slave labor and mass murder of Black
people. We will accept the payment in currency which will be distributed to our
many communities. The American racist has taken part in the slaughter of our
fifty million Black people. Therefore, we feel this is a modest demand that we
4. WE WANT DECENT HOUSING,
FIT FOR THE SHELTER OF HUMAN BEINGS.
We believe that if the landlords will not give decent housing to our Black and
oppressed communities, then housing and the land should be made into cooperatives
so that the people in our communities, with government aid, can build and make
decent housing for the people.
5. WE WANT DECENT EDUCATION FOR OUR PEOPLE THAT EXPOSES THE
TRUE NATURE OF THIS DECADENT AMERICAN SOCIETY. WE WANT EDUCATION
THAT TEACHES US OUR TRUE HISTORY AND OUR ROLE IN THE PRESENT-DAY
We believe in an educational system that will give to our people a knowledge of the
self. If you do not have knowledge of yourself and your position in the society and
in the world, then you will have little chance to know anything else.
6. WE WANT COMPLETELY FREE HEALTH CARE FOR All BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE.
We believe that the government must provide, free of charge, for the people, health
facilities which will not only treat our illnesses, most of which have come about as
a result of our oppression, but which will also develop preventive medical programs
to guarantee our future survival. We believe that mass health education and research
programs must be developed to give all Black and oppressed people access to advanced
scientific and medical information, so we may provide our selves with proper medical
attention and care.
7. WE WANT AN IMMEDIATE END TO POLICE BRUTALITY AND MURDER OF
BLACK PEOPLE, OTHER PEOPLE OF COLOR, All OPPRESSED PEOPLE
INSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
We believe that the racist and fascist government of the United States uses its domestic
enforcement agencies to carry out its program of oppression against black people, other
people of color and poor people inside the united States. We believe it is our right,
therefore, to defend ourselves against such armed forces and that all Black and oppressed
people should be armed for self defense of our homes and communities against these fascist
8. WE WANT AN IMMEDIATE END TO ALL WARS OF AGGRESSION.
We believe that the various conflicts which exist around the world stem directly from the
aggressive desire of the United States ruling circle and government to force its domination
upon the oppressed people of the world. We believe that if the United States government or
its lackeys do not cease these aggressive wars it is the right of the people to defend
themselves by any means necessary against their aggressors.
9. WE WANT FREEDOM FOR ALL BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE NOW
HELD IN U. S. FEDERAL, STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND MILITARY
PRISONS AND JAILS. WE WANT TRIALS BY A JURY OF PEERS FOR
All PERSONS CHARGED WITH SO-CALLED CRIMES UNDER THE LAWS
OF THIS COUNTRY.
We believe that the many Black and poor oppressed people now held in United States prisons and
jails have not received fair and impartial trials under a racist and fascist judicial system
and should be free from incarceration. We believe in the ultimate elimination of all wretched,
inhuman penal institutions, because the masses of men and women imprisoned inside the United
States or by the United States military are the victims of oppressive conditions which are the
real cause of their imprisonment. We believe that when persons are brought to trial they must
be guaranteed, by the United States, juries of their peers, attorneys of their choice and
freedom from imprisonment while awaiting trial.
10. WE WANT LAND, BREAD, HOUSING, EDUCATION, CLOTHING,
JUSTICE, PEACE AND PEOPLE'S COMMUNITY CONTROL OF MODERN
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political
bonds which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the
separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and nature's God entitle them, a decent
respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them
to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by
their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit
of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their
just powers from the consent of the governed; that, whenever any form of government becomes
destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute
a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form
as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate
that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, accordingly,
all experience hath shown that mankind are most disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to
right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, when a long train of abuses
and usurpation, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute
despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards
for their future security.
The Ten-Point Program
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TRIP DOWN MEMORY LANE
A Gathering of Readers
THE FREEMAN INSTITUTE
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Real History World Wide
History Facts/Science Facts - Quatr.us
African American Studies Library Research Guide
African Music Encyclopedia
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African Indigenous Science and Knowledge Systems
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List of African mythological figures
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AFRICAN AMERICAN INDEX
AFRICAN AMERICAN LINKS
AFRO-LATIN AMERICAN RESOURCES
AFRICAN NATIVE AMERICAN
AFRICAN NATIVE AMERICANS RESOURCES
THE PARADOXICAL COMMANDMENTS
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