SOUTH
WEST
AFRICAN
TIMBUKTU



BLACK
AFRICAN
AMERICANS



Never forget what you are,
the world will not.
Make it your strength,
Then it can never be your weakness.
Armor yourself in it,
and it will never be used to hurt you.




You can kill a man
But not a idea




TIMBUKTU-TIMBUCTOO-TIMBUCTU

CENTER OF LEARNING

UNIVERSITY OF SANKORE

TIMBUKTU LINKS

SOUTH AFRICA LINKS



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SECTION 1



TIMBUKTU
TIMBUCTOO
TIMBUCTU
AFRICAN
INDEX



Timbuktu is widely used to describe a
place extremely far away and regarded
by many as a myth.

In reality it's a city in Mali, West
Africa, is of such great historical
importance that in 1988 it was
designated a World Heritage Site.
.
Situated on the southernmost edge of
the Sahara Desert, Timbuktu is about
eight miles from the Niger River
closer during the rainy season.

It was founded in the twelfth century
by Tuareg nomads. By the fourteenth
century it had became a major center
for the trans-Sahara gold and salt
trade as well Islamic scholarship and
culture, the Oxford University of the
Sahara, despite the rise and fall of
powerful dynasties around it.

Beginning in the 12th century, Timbuktu
was becoming one of the great centers of
learning in the Islamic world. Scholars
and students traveled from as far away
as Cairo, Baghdad, and elsewhere in
Persia to study from the noted manuscripts
found in Timbuktu.

Respected scholars who taught in Timbuktu
were referred to as ambassadors of peace
throughout North Africa.




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SECTION 2



CENTER
OF
LEARNING




During the early 15th century, a number
of Islamic institutions were erected.
The most famous of these is the Sankore
mosque, also known as the University of
Sankore.

While Islam was practiced in the cities,
the local rural majority were non-Muslim
traditionalists.
Often the leaders were nominal muslims in
the interest of economic advancement while
the masses were traditionalists.




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SECTION 3



UNIVERSITY
OF
SANKORE




Sankore was built in 989 AD and became the
center of the Islamic scholarly community
in Timbuktu.
The "University of Sankore" was a madrassah,
very different in organization from the
universities of medieval Europe.


Sankore University,
Sankore,

The University of Sankore,
Sankore Masjid:


Is one of three ancient centers of learning

located in
Timbuktu,
Mali,
West Africa.


The three Masjids:
(common word for mosque in the region)

Sankore,
Djinguereber Mosque,
Sidi Yahya


compose the famous University of Timbuktu.



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SECTION 4



TIMBUKTU
LINKS




TIMBOOKTU
http://www.timbooktu.com/

TIMBUKTU CHRONICLES
http://www.timbuktuchronicles.blogspot.com/

TIMBUKTU EDUCATION FOUNDATION
http://www.timbuktufoundation.org/

TIMBUKTU HERITAGE INSTITUTE
http://www.timbuktuheritage.org/

SOUTH AFRICA.INFO
http://www.safrica.info/

THE UNIVERSITY OF
SANKORE AT TIMBUKTU

http://www.sankore.org/



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SECTION 5



SOUTH
AFRICA
LINKS




ANANZI SOUTH AFRICAN
SEARCHENINE

http://www.ananzi.co.za/

EMBASSY OF SOUTH AFRICA
http://www.saembassy.org/

MAIL AND GUARDIAN
http://www.mg.co.za/

MUSLIM HERITAGE
http://www.muslimheritage.com/

SOUTH AFRICAN GOVERNMENT
http://www.gov.za/

SOUTH AFRICAN GOVERNMENT
DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL
AFFAIRS ON TOURISM

http://www.environment.gov.za/

SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM
http://www.southafrica.net/



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