RURAL
COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT




RURAL AREA

RURAL SCHOOLS

RURAL HEALTH

HEALTH DETERMINANTS

ISSUES IN RURAL HEALTH

RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

RURAL COMMUNITY LINKS

RURAL COMMUNITY RESOURCES



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SECTION 1



RURAL
AREA




Rural areas or the country or countryside are
areas that are not urbanized, though when large
areas are described country towns and smaller
cities will be included. They have a low
population density, and typically much of the
land is devoted to agriculture. The degree to
which areas of wilderness are included in the
term varies; very large wilderness areas are
not likely to be described by the term in most
contexts.

In parts of the developed world urban sprawl
has greatly reduced the areas that can be
called rural, and land use planning measures
are used to protect the character of rural
areas in various ways.




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SECTION 2



RURAL
SCHOOLS




National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)
revised its definition of rural schools.


The new classification
system has four major
local categories,

city,

suburban,

town,

rural



each of which is subdivided into three subcategories.
Cities and suburbs are subdivided into the categories
small, midsize, or large; towns and rural areas are
subdivided by their proximity to an urbanized area
into the categories fringe, distant, or remote.



Rural_area
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_area



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SECTION 3



RURAL
HEALTH




In medicine, rural health is the
interdisciplinary study of health
and health care delivery in the
context of a rural environment
or location.



Some of the fields
of study comprising
rural health include:

health,

geography,

midwifery
(remote locations
often do not have
an OB/GYN),

nursing,

sociology,

economics,

telehealth/telemedicine



Residents of metropolitan counties are
generally thought to have easy access
to the relatively concentrated health
services of the county’s central areas.

However, some metropolitan counties are
so large that they contain small towns
and rural, sparsely populated areas that
are isolated from these central clusters
and their corresponding health services
by physical barriers.




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SECTION 4



HEALTH
DETERMINANTS




A. Education and Literacy

B. Income and Social status

C. Employment and working
conditions

D. Personal health practices
and coping skills

E. Physical environment

F. Health Care Services




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SECTION 5



ISSUES
IN
RURAL
HEALTH




Underserviced delivery due to a lack or
maldistribution of resources, both in
terms of money and labour.



Lack of specialty services.

Medical specialists often do not have enough
'critical mass' of patients to allow them to
economically serve a low population area.

The hardship on patients can be particularly
demanding in some illnesses, say cancer, in
which treatment requires regular long
distance travel.



Rural health
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_health



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SECTION 6



RURAL
COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT




Rural community development encompasses a
range of approaches and activities that
aim to improve the welfare and livelihoods
of people living in rural areas. As a branch
of community development, these approaches
pay attention to social issues particularly
community organizing.

This is in contrast to other forms of rural
development that focus on public works (e.g.
rural roads and electrification) and technology
(e.g. tools and techniques for improving
agricultural production).

Rural community development is important in
developing countries where a large part of
the population is engaged in farming.

Consequently, a range of community
development methods have been created
and used by organisations involved in
international development. Most of
these efforts to promote rural
community development are led by
'experts' from outside the community
such as government officials, staff
of Non-governmental organizations
and foreign advisers.

This has led to a long debate about
the issue of participation, in which
questions have been raised about the
sustainability of these efforts and
the extent to which rural people are
- or are not – being empowered to
make decisions for themselves.



Rural community development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_community_development



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SECTION 7



RURAL
COMMUNITY
LINKS




Canadian Rural Partnership
http://www.rural.gc.ca/home_e.phtml

Center Activities
http://www.ag.iastate.edu/centers/rdev/centeract.html

Center for Rural Affairs
http://www.cfra.org/

Center for Rural Affairs
http://www.cfra.org/

College of Rural & Community Development
http://www.uaf.edu/rural/

The Commission for Rural Community Development
http://www.carnegieuktrust.org.uk/

e-Agriculture promoting rural development
http://www.e-agriculture.org/

Economic Development Administration
http://www.eda.gov/AboutEDA/Mission.xml


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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
http://www.fao.org/sd/erp/index_en.htm

Journal of Rural and Community Development
http://www.jrcd.ca/

Measuring Rurality
http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/Rurality/

The network for Rural Community Councils in the UK ACRE
http://www.acre.org.uk/

Northeast Rural Development Center
http://www.nercrd.psu.edu/

North West Rural Affairs Forum (England)
http://www.gos.gov.uk/gonw/nwraf/

Rural Action Yorkshire
http://www.ruralyorkshire.org.uk

Rural America
http://www.ers.usda.gov/emphases/rural/

Rural Community Assistance Corporation
http://www.rcac.org/doc.aspx?84


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Rural Community Council of Essex
http://www.essexrcc.org.uk/

Rural Community Development Federal Grants
http://www.federalgrantswire.com / rural-community-developm...

Rural Community Development Grants Available
http://sustainableagriculture.net/blog/rural-development-grants/

Rural Community Development Initiative (RCDI)
http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rhs/rcdi/index.htm

Rural community development resources
http://www.raconline.org/info_guides/communities/

Rural Community Development Resources (RCDR)
http://www.rcdr.biz/

Rural Community Development Society (RCDS)
http://www.bwtp.org/rcds.html

Rural and Community Development - USDA
http://www.usda.gov / wps / portal / usda / usdahome?navid=RURAL_DEV...

Rural Housing and Economic Development (RHED)
http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/economicdevelopment/programs/rhed/index.cfm

Rural Schools & Community Development
http://www.ed.psu.edu/educ/crec/topics/development

SeeRural
http://www.seerural.org/



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SECTION 8



RURAL
COMMUNITY
RESOURCES




ADSL loop extender
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ADSL_loop_extender


American Old West
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Old_West


Boondock
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boondock


Country house
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Country_house


Developed Environments
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Developed_Environments


Development (disambiguation)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Development_(disambiguation)


Development criticism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Development_criticism


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Digital divide
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_divide


Economic Development Administration
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economic_Development_Administration


High Speed Packet Access HSPA
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Speed_Packet_Access


Landed gentry
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landed_gentry


Mobile Internet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_Internet


Nature
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nature


Outback
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outback


Power-line Internet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power-line_Internet


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Peasantry
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peasantry


Rural Community Council
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_Community_Council


Rural Community Councils
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_Community_Councils


Rural crafts
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_crafts


Rural Development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_Development


Rural ghetto
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_ghetto


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Rural health
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_health


Rural Internet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rural_Internet


Satellite Internet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satellite_Internet


Social exclusion
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_exclusion


Social justice
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_justice


Urban decay
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_decay


Village
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Village




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