POVERTY
HUMAN
POVERTY




POVERTY

CYCLE OF POVERTY

HUMAN POVERTY INDEX

HUMAN POVERTY INDEX RESOURCES

POVERTY AND EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

POVERTY LINKS



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SECTION 1



POVERTY




Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material
possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution refers to
being unable to afford basic human needs, which commonly includes
clean and fresh water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing
and shelter. About 1.7 billion people are estimated to live in
absolute poverty today. Relative poverty refers to lacking a usual
or socially acceptable level of resources or income as compared with
others within a society or country.

For most of history poverty had been mostly accepted as inevitable as
traditional modes of production were insufficient to give an entire
population a comfortable standard of living.

The supply of basic needs can be restricted by constraints on government
services such as corruption, debt and loan conditionalities and by the
brain drain of health care and educational professionals. Strategies of
increasing income to make basic needs more affordable typically include
welfare, accommodating business regulations and providing financial
services. Today, poverty reduction is a major goal and issue for many
international organizations such as the United Nations and the World
Bank.


The World Bank's "Voices of the Poor," based on research with over
20,000 poor people in 23 countries, identifies a range of factors
which poor people identify as part of poverty.



These include:


Precarious livelihoods

Excluded locations

Physical limitations

Gender relationships

Problems in social relationships

Lack of security

Abuse by those in power

Dis-empowering institutions

Limited capabilities

Weak community organizations



Poverty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty



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SECTION 2



CYCLE
OF
POVERTY




In economics, the cycle of poverty is the "set of factors or events
by which poverty, once started, is likely to continue unless there
is outside intervention."

The cycle of poverty has been defined as a phenomenon where poor
families become trapped in poverty for at least three generations,
i.e., for enough time that the family includes no surviving ancestors
who possess and can transmit the intellectual, social, and cultural
capital necessary to stay out of or escape poverty; in calculations
of expected generation length and ancestor lifespan, the lower median
age of parents in these families is offset by the shorter lifespans
in many of these groups.

Such families have either limited or no resources. There are many
disadvantages that collectively work in a circular process making it
virtually impossible for individuals to break the cycle. This occurs
when poor people do not have the resources necessary to get out of
poverty, such as financial capital, education, or connections. In
other words, poverty-stricken individuals experience disadvantages
as a result of their poverty, which in turn increases their poverty.
This would mean that the poor remain poor throughout their lives.
This cycle has also been referred to as a "pattern" of behaviors
and situations which cannot easily be changed.

The poverty cycle is usually called "development trap" when it is
applied to countries.



Cycle of poverty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cycle_of_poverty



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SECTION 3






HUMAN
POVERTY
INDEX




The Human Poverty Index, developed by the United Nations
Development Program (UNDP), offers an indication of the
standard of living in a country.

For highly developed countries, the United Nations considers
that the Human Poverty Index can better reflect the extent
of deprivation compared to the Human Development Index.



Human Poverty Index
http://wikigender.org/index.php/Human_Poverty_Index



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SECTION 4



HUMAN
POVERTY
INDEX
RESOURCES




Human Development Index">Human Development Index
http://wikigender.org/index.php/Human_Development_Index

Gender-related Development Index
http://wikigender.org/index.php/Gender-related_Development_Index

Gender Empowerment Measure
http://wikigender.org/index.php/Gender_Empowerment_Measure

National Human Development Report
http://wikigender.org/index.php?title=National_Human_Development_Report&action=edit&redlink=1



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SECTION 5



POVERTY
AND
EARLY
CHILDHOOD
EDUCATION




Children from economically disadvantaged communities are rarely
prepared to succeed in kindergarten and future endeavors; quality
early childhood education can be the catalyst that equips them
for success.

Education research consistently shows that skills, habits and
attitudes that lead to academic success and productive later
lives are formed most effectively and economically in the
earliest years of a childís academic experience.

Quality early childhood education lays the foundation for literacy,
numeracy, critical thinking and socialization skills that become
reliably evident and increasingly testable in the early elementary
grades.

Reading abilities in third grade, for example, are highly correlated
with a studentís likelihood of successfully completing high school,
in turn making the student far more likely to enter college,
vocational school or immediate employment.



Poverty & Early Childhood Education
http://www.educationalfirststeps.org/poverty-and-early-education.html



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SECTION 6



HUMAN
POVERTY
LINKS




American Poverty.org
http://www.inourownbackyard.us/

Bicycles Against Poverty BAP
http://www.bicyclesagainstpoverty.org/

Childhood Poverty Research and Policy Centre
http://www.childhoodpoverty.org/

The Challenge
http://www.womenfightpoverty.org/challenge.php

Children's Defense Fund (CDF)
http://www.childrensdefense.org/

Cycle of poverty
http://lumrix.net/medical/sociology/cycle_of_poverty.html

www.dcp2.org/main/Home.html
http://Disease control priorities project

Education Center
http://www.povertyusa.org/poverty-resources/education-center/

Education and Poverty
http://www.spotlightonpoverty.org/education_and_poverty.aspx

Endhomelessness.org
http://www.endhomelessness.org

End Poverty.org
http://www.endpoverty.org/

Fighting the War on Poverty with Early Childhood Education
http://americanprogress.org/issues/poverty/news/2011/10/20/10547/fighting-the-war-on-poverty-with-early-childhood-education/

Global Poverty
http://www.global-poverty.org/



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Human Poverty
http://www.worldmapper.org/display.php?selected=174

Human Poverty Index (HPI)
http://www.economicsconcepts.com/human_poverty_index_(hpi).htm

International Centre for Eradication of Poverty
http://www.eradicatepoverty.org/

Islamic Development Bank
http://www.isdb.org/irj/portal/anonymous

Journal of Poverty Website
http://www.journalofpoverty.org/

Lend to End Poverty
http://www.lendtoendpoverty.org/

Luxembourg Income Study
http://www.lisproject.org/

Meet Each Need with Dignity MEND
http://www.mendpoverty.org/

Moms Against Poverty
http://www.momsagainstpoverty.org/

National Center for Children in Poverty
http://www.nccp.org/

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
http://www.oecd.org/

Partnership to End Poverty
http://www.partnershiptoendpoverty.org/

Poverty and Education
http://www.ets.org/s/research/pdf/poverty_and_education_report.pdf

Poverty, Institute for Women's Policy Research
http://www.iwpr.org/initiatives/poverty

Poverty indicators
http://www.poverty.org.uk/



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Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity
http://www.spotlightonpoverty.org/

Teens Opposing Poverty
http://www.teensopposingpoverty.org/

Transparency International
http://www.transparency.org/

UNICEF
http://www.unicefusa.org

United Nations
http://www.un.org/english

U.S. Agency for International Development USAID
http://www.usaid.gov/

What is the Cycle of Poverty?
http://www2.crcna.org/pages/sea_cycleofpoverty.cfm

What Is the Cycle of Poverty?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-cycle-of-poverty.htm

World Bank
http://www.worldbank.org/

World Food Program
http://www.wfp.org/



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