POLLINATORS
POLLINATING
POLLINATION




NATIVE POLLINATORS

ANIMAL POLLINATION

POLLINATORS LINKS



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SECTION 1



NATIVE
POLLINATORS




Pollination is an ecosystem process that has evolved over millions of
years to benefit both flowering plants and pollinators. Pollinators
visit flowers for many reasons, including feeding, pollen collection,
and warmth. When pollinators visit flowers, pollen rubs or drops onto
their bodies. The pollen is then transferred to another flower or a
different part of the same flower as the pollinator moves from one
location to the next.

This process is a vital stage in the life cycle of all flowering plants
and is necessary to start seed and fruit production in flowers. Not only
do pollinators provide essential services in nature, they are also
necessary for healthy, productive agricultural ecosystems as they ensure
the production of full-bodied fruit and fertile seed sets in many crops.

Although some plant species rely on wind or water to transfer pollen from
one flower to the next, the vast majority (almost 90%) of all plant species
need the help of animals for this task. There are approximately 200,000
different species of animals around the world that act as pollinators. Of
these, about 1,000 are vertebrates, such as birds, bats, and small mammals,
and the rest are invertebrates, including flies, beetles, butterflies, moths,
and bees.



Native Pollinators
https://plants.usda.gov/pollinators/Native_Pollinators.pdf



Pollination
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pollination




Plant sexuality
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Plant_sexuality




The Xerces Society
http://www.xerces.org/




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SECTION 2



ANIMAL
POLLINATION




Animal pollinators play a crucial role in flowering plant reproduction
and in the production of most fruits and vegetables. Most plants require
the assistance of pollinators to produce seeds and fruit. About 80% of
all flowering plants and over three-quarters of the staple crop plants
that feed humankind rely on animal pollinators.



Ants
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/ants.shtml

Bats
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/bats.shtml

Bees
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/bees.shtml

Beetles
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/beetles.shtml

Birds
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/birds.shtml

Butterflies
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/butterflies.shtml

Flies
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/flies.shtml

Moths
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/moths.shtml

Unusual
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/unusual.shtml

Wasps
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/wasps.shtml


Animal Pollination
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/animals/




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SECTION 3



POLLINATORS
LINKS




5 Early Season Plants which Attract Pollinators to your Garden
http://learn.eartheasy.com/2012/04/5-early-season-plants-which-attract-pollinators-to-your-garden/

Attracting Beneficial Insects
https://www.reneesgarden.com/articles/beneficials-hgsa.pdf

Attracting pollinators
http://sciencelearn.org.nz/Contexts/Pollination/Science-Ideas-and-Concepts/Attracting-pollinators

The Best Plants to Attract Beneficial Insects and Bees
http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/pest-control/plants-to-attract-beneficial-insects-zl0z1005zvau.aspx

Bibliography of pollinator biology
http://www.mendeley.com/groups/2544001/inouye-pollinator-reference-database/

Growing Insects: Farmers Can
Help to Bring Back Pollinators

http://e360.yale.edu/feature/growing_insects_farmers_can_help_to_bring_back_pollinators/2735/

Insect Pollination
http://www.buzzaboutbees.net/insect-pollination.html

Native Pollinators
http://nativepollinator.com/

Planting for Pollinators
http://www.foxleas.com/planting-for-pollinators.asp

Pollination
https://www.britannica.com/science/pollination

Pollination
http://www.mbgnet.net/bioplants/pollination.html

Pollination
https://bees.techno-science.ca/english/bees/pollination/default.php

Pollination by Insects
https://www.boundless.com/biology/textbooks/boundless-biology-textbook/plant-reproduction-32/pollination-and-fertilization-190/pollination-by-insects-722-11948/

Pollination & Cross-Polination
https://morningchores.com/pollination/

The Pollination Home page
http://pollinator.com

Pollination in Hydroponics
http://www.hydroponicsonline.com/blog/hydroponic-pollination-blue-bottle-flies



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Pollination syndromes images
http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/pages/pollination.htm

Pollinating Insects in the Garden
http://www.vegetablegardener.com/item/9440/pollinating-insects-in-the-garden

Pollinator
http://www.pollinator.org/

Pollinator Conservation Association
http://www.pollinatorconservationassociation.org/

The Pollinator Garden
http://www.foxleas.com/

Resources on Pollinators
http://nas-sites.org/pollinators/

What is Insect Pollination?
http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/garden-how-to/beneficial/insect-pollination-process.htm

What is Pollination?
https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/What_is_Pollination/

Who are the Pollinators?
http://www.beecityusa.org/types-of-pollinators.html



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The Tree of Life
Web Project (ToL)

http://tolweb.org/tree/phylogeny.html




American Museum
of Natural History

https://www.amnh.org/


Global Biodiversity
Information Facility

http://www.gbif.org/




Insects
http://amazingfacts4u.com/category/insects/




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Animals and Their Habitats
http://www.dpughphoto.com/index




Critter Catalog
http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/




The Encyclopedia of Life
http://eol.org/




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