PE
PHYSICAL
EDUCATION




PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FACTS

BENEFITS OF REGULAR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

CONSEQUENCES OF PHYSICAL INACTIVITY

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BY YOUNG PEOPLE

COMPONENTS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PHYSICAL EDUCATION LINKS



BACK TO TOP



SECTION 1



PHYSICAL
EDUCATION




Phys. Ed. or P.E.) or gymnastics (gym or gym
class) is a course taken during primary and
secondary education that encourages psychomotor
learning in a play or movement exploration
setting.



Physical Education has 5 components:

1. Cardiovascular Fitness is the ability of the
heart, lungs and vascular system to deliver
oxygen-rich blood to working to working muscles
during sustained physical activity.

2. Muscular Strength is the amount force a muscle
or group of muscles can exert against a heavy
resistance.

3. Muscular Endurance is the ability of a muscle
or muscle group to repeat a movement many times
or hold a particular position for an extended
period of time.

4. Flexibility is a degree to which an individual
muscle will lengthen.

5.Body Composition is the amount of fat in the
body compared to the amount of lean mass.



PHYSICAL EDUCATION
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_education



BACK TO TOP



SECTION 2



PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
FACTS




Regular physical activity in
childhood and adolescence,

improves strength and endurance,

helps build healthy bones
and muscles,

helps control weight,

reduces anxiety and stress,

increases self-esteem,

and may improve blood pressure
and cholesterol levels.



The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
recommends that young people aged 6–17 years
participate in at least 60 minutes of physical
activity daily.

Schools can promote physical activity through
comprehensive school physical activity programs,
including



recess,

classroom-based physical activity,

intramural physical activity clubs,

interscholastic sports,

physical education.



Schools should ensure that physical education
is provided to all students in all grades and
is taught by qualified teachers.

Schools can also work with community organizations
to provide out-of-school-time physical activity
programs and share physical activity facilities.




BACK TO TOP



SECTION 3



BENEFITS
OF
REGULAR
PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY




Regular physical activity


Helps build and maintain
healthy bones and muscles.


Helps reduce the risk of
developing obesity and
chronic diseases, such as
diabetes,
cardiovascular disease,
and colon cancer.


Reduces feelings of
depression and anxiety
and promotes psychological
well-being.


May help improve students’
academic performance,
including

Academic achievement and
grades

Academic behavior, such
as time on task.


Factors that influence
academic achievement,
such as concentration
and attentiveness in
the classroom.




BACK TO TOP



SECTION 4



LONG-TERM
CONSEQUENCES
OF
PHYSICAL
INACTIVITY




Overweight and obesity, which are influenced
by physical inactivity and poor diet, can
increase one’s risk for


diabetes,

high blood pressure,

high cholesterol,

asthma,

arthritis,

poor health status.


Physical inactivity increases
one’s risk for


dying prematurely,

dying of heart disease,

developing diabetes,

colon cancer,

high blood pressure.




BACK TO TOP



SECTION 5



PARTICIPATION
IN
PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
BY
YOUNG
PEOPLE




In a nationally representative survey, 77% of
children aged 9–13 years reported participating
in free-time physical activity during the previous
7 days.

In 2009, only 18% percent of high school students
surveyed had participated in at least 60 minutes
per day of physical activity on each of the 7 days
before the survey.

Twenty-three percent of high school students surveyed
had not participated in 60 or more minutes of any kind
of physical activity on any day during the 7 days before
the survey.

Participation in physical activity declines as young
people age.



Physical Activity Facts
http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/physicalactivity/



BACK TO TOP



SECTION 6



THE
FOUR
COMPONENTS
OF
A
HIGH-QUALITY
PHYSICAL
EDUCATION
PROGRAM




Opportunity to Learn

Meaningful Content

Appropriate Instruction

Student and Program Assessment


Why is Quality Physical
Education Important?


Quality physical education programs
help all students develop:

health-related fitness,

physical competence,

cognitive understanding,

positive attitudes about
physical activity

so that they can adopt healthy
and physically active lifestyles.

Learning Experiences that Meet
Developmental Needs.


Quality physical education programs provide
learning experiences that improve

mental alertness,

academic performance,

readiness,

enthusiasm for learning
in our nations' youth.



NASPE recommends that the appropriate class
length for physical education instruction is
a maximum of 30 minutes per class in grades
K-2 and a maximum of 45 minutes per class in
grades 3-5.



Quality Physical Education
http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/teachingTools/QualityPE.cfm



BACK TO TOP



SECTION 7



PHYSICAL
EDUCATION
LINKS




Adapted Physical Education National Standards
http://www.apens.org/

American Alliance for Health
http://www.aahperd.org/

Exercise: 7 benefits of regular physical activity
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/exercise/HQ01676

Exercise Science
http://www.exsci.mtu.edu/

Fats Burning
http://fatsburning.com/

Heal Alabama
http://www.healalabama.org/

National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity
http://www.ncppa.org/

National Standards for Physical Education NASPE
http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/nationalStandards/PEstandards.cfm

PE 4 Life
http://www.pe4life.org/

PE Central
http://www.pecentral.org/

PE Universe
http://www.peuniverse.com/

Physical Activity Facts
http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/physicalactivity/

Physical Education Lesson Plans, Activities
http://www.physicaleducationupdate.com/

Physical Education Online Resources
http://www.educationindex.com/physed/

Teach PE.com
http://www.teachpe.com/



BACK TO TOP



HOME

E-MAIL

PHYSICAL EDUCATION INDEX