OPEN
SOURCE
SOFTWARE




OPEN SOURCE INITIATIVE

FREE SOFTWARE DEFINITION

PUBLIC DOMAIN

FREE SOFTWARE FOUNDATION

GNU PROJECT

APACHE SOFTWARE

LINUX

PERL

PHP

MYSQL

PYTHON

OPEN SOURCE LINKS



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SECTION 1



OPEN
SOURCE
INITIATIVE
OSI




Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a
non-profit corporation dedicated
to managing and promoting the Open
Source Definition for the good of
the community, specifically through
OSI Certified Open Source Software
certification mark and program.

The basic idea behind open source
is very simple:
When programmers can read,
redistribute, and modify
the source code for a piece
of software, the software
evolves.

People improve it,
people adapt it,
people fix bugs.

And this can happen at a speed that,
if one is used to the slow pace
of the conventional software
development, seems astonishing.



Open Source Initiative OSI
http://www.opensource.org/



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SECTION 2



FREE
SOFTWARE
DEFINITION




Software that fits the Free software
definition may be more appropriately
called free software.

The GNU project in particular objects
to their works being referred to as
"open source.



List of open source software packages
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_open_source_software_packages



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SECTION 3



PUBLIC
DOMAIN




Public domain comprises the body
of knowledge and of innovation
(especially creative works such
as writing, art, music, and
inventions) in relation to which
no person or other legal entity
can establish or maintain
proprietary interests within a
particular legal jurisdiction.

This body of information and creativity
is considered to be part of a common
cultural and intellectual heritage,
which, in general, anyone may use or
exploit, whether for commercial or
non-commercial purposes.

Only about 15 percent of all books are
in the public domain, and 10 percent of
all books are still in print.

If an item ("work") is not in the public
domain, this may be the result of a
proprietary interest such as a copyright,
patent, or other sui generis right.




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SECTION 4



FREE
SOFTWARE
FOUNDATION
FSF




The Free Software Foundation (FSF),
established in 1985, is dedicated
to promoting computer users' rights
to use, study, copy, modify, and
redistribute computer programs.

The FSF promotes the development and
use of free software, particularly
the GNU operating system, used widely
in its GNU/Linux variant.



The Free Software Foundation FSF
http://www.fsf.org/



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SECTION 5



THE
GNU
PROJECT




The GNU Project was launched in
1984 to develop a complete
Unix-like operating system which
is free software:

the GNU system. Variants of the GNU
operating system, which use the
kernel called Linux, are now widely
used;

though these systems are often referred
to as “Linux”, they are more accurately
called GNU/Linux systems.

What is Free Software?
“Free software” is a matter
of liberty, not price.

To understand the concept, you should
think of “free” as in “free speech”,
not as in “free beer”.

Free software is a
matter of the users'
freedom to run,
copy,
distribute,
study,
change,
improve the software.

More precisely, it refers
to four kinds of freedom,
for the users of the
software:

The freedom to run the program,
for any purpose.

The freedom to study how the
program works, and adapt it
to your needs. Access to the
source code is a precondition
for this.

The freedom to redistribute copies
so you can help your neighbor.

The freedom to improve the program,
and release your improvements to
the public, so that the whole
community benefits.

Access to the source code is a
precondition for this.




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FREE
SOFTWARE
LINKS




FSF Europe
http://www.fsfeurope.org/

FSF India
http://fsf.org.in/

FSF Latin America
http://www.fsfla.org/

The GNU project
http://www.gnu.org/



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SECTION 6



THE
APACHE
SOFTWARE
FOUNDATION




The Apache Software Foundation
provides support for the Apache
community of open-source
software projects.

The Apache projects are characterized
by a collaborative, consensus based
development process, an open and
pragmatic software license, and a
desire to create high quality software
that leads the way in its field.

We consider ourselves not simply a group
of projects sharing a server, but rather
a community of developers and users.



The Apache Software Foundation
http://www.apache.org/



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SECTION 7



LINUX
OPERATING
SYSTEM




Linux is an operating system that
was initially created as a hobby
by a young student, Linus Torvalds,
at the University of Helsinki in
Finland.

Linus had an interest in Minix, a
small UNIX system, and decided to
develop a system that exceeded the
Minix standards.

The kernel, at the heart of all Linux
systems, is developed and released
under the GNU General Public License
and its source code is freely available
to everyone.

It is this kernel that forms the base
around which a Linux operating system
is developed.



Linux Online
http://www.linux.org/



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SECTION 8



PERL




Perl is Open Source software. You
can download it for free as a source
code or as a pre-compiled binary
distribution.

Perl is the Swiss Army chainsaw of
scripting languages: powerful and
adaptable.

It was first developed by Larry Wall,
a linguist working as a systems
administrator for NASA in the late
1980s, as a way to make report
processing easier.

Since then, it has moved into
a large number of roles:

automating system administration,

acting as glue between different
computer systems;

and, of course, being one of the
most popular languages for CGI
programming on the Web.




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PERL
LINKS




PERL.COM
http://www.perl.com/

The Perl Directory
http://www.perl.org/

The Perl Foundation
http://www.perlfoundation.org/



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SECTION 9



PHP




PHP is a widely-used general-purpose
scripting language that is especially
suited for Web development and can be
embedded into HTML.




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PHP
LINKS




Easy PHP
http://www.easyphp.org/

PHP Builder.com
http://www.phpbuilder.com/

PHP Classes
http://www.phpclasses.org/

PHP Freaks
http://www.phpfreaks.com/

php My Admin
http://www.phpmyadmin.net/

PHP.NET
http://www.php.net/

PHP-Nuke
http://www.phpnuke.org/



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SECTION 10



MYSQL




MySQL is popular for web
applications and acts as
the database for open
source software.

This software works well
with reports, infomation
and many types of data.




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MYSQL
LINKS




MySQL.COM
http://www.mysql.com/

MYSQL.ORG
http://www.mysql.org/

Planet MySQL
http://www.planetmysql.org/



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SECTION 11



PYTHON
PROGRAMMING
LANGUAGE




Python is a remarkably powerful
dynamic programming language
that is used in a wide variety
of application domains.

Python is often compared to Tcl,
Perl, Ruby, Scheme or Java.



PYTHON
http://www.python.org/



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SECTION 12



OPEN
SOURCE
LINKS




COPY RIGHT .GOV
http://www.copyright.gov/

Dev Shed
http://www.devshed.com/

Easy PHP
http://www.easyphp.org/

The Free Software Foundation FSF
http://www.fsf.org/

FSF Europe
http://www.fsfeurope.org/

FSF India
http://fsf.org.in/

FSF Latin America
http://www.fsfla.org/

Gig 4 Free
http://gig4free.com/

The GNU Project
http://www.gnu.org/



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THE JOOMLA PROJECT
http://www.joomla.org/

The Public Domain
http://www.law.duke.edu/

Linux Software.org
http://www.linuxsoftware.org/

Linux Links
http://www.linuxlinks.com/

Linux Online
http://www.linux.org/

Mozilla
http://www.mozilla.org/

Open Office.org
http://www.openoffice.org/

Open Source Initiative OSI
http://www.opensource.org/

Open Source Mac
http://www.opensourcemac.org/



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Open Source Windows
http://www.opensourcewindows.org/

PERL.COM
http://www.perl.com/

The Perl Directory
http://www.perl.org/

The Perl Foundation
http://www.perlfoundation.org/

PHP Builder.com
http://www.phpbuilder.com/

PHP Classes
http://www.phpclasses.org/

PHP Freaks
http://www.phpfreaks.com/

php My Admin
http://www.phpmyadmin.net/

PHP.NET
http://www.php.net/

PHP-Nuke
http://www.phpnuke.org/

PYTHON
http://www.python.org/

RADIO OPEN SOURCE
http://www.radioopensource.org/

Redhat.com
http://www.redhat.com/



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Resource Help Directory
http://resourcehelp.com/




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