NON-PROFIT
NON PROFIT
BUSINESS
PLANS




WHY YOU NEED A BUSINESS PLAN?

NON-PROFIT BUSINESS PLAN BASICS

HOW TO CREATE A BUSINESS PLAN FOR A NON-PROFIT

HOW TO CREATE A BUSINESS PLAN FOR A NON-PROFIT RELATED TOPICS

HOW TO WRITE A NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION BUSINESS PLAN

BASIC INFORMATION ON BUSINESS PLANS FOR NONPROFITS

SAMPLE BUSINESS PLANS FOR NONPROFITS

NON-PROFIT BUSINESS PLAN LINKS



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SECTION 1



WHY
YOU
NEED
A
BUSINESS
PLAN




What Is a Business Plan?

Why Do I Need One for My Nonprofit?



Nonprofits have a lot in common with a business, and managers of
both must understand and follow a lot of the same practices. One
of those is to have a business plan.



A business plan for a for-profit entity usually includes the following:


Executive Summary

This explains very concisely and clearly what the business does
or will do.



Products/Services

What will be sold or what services provided? Who is the market?
Why should your market use you rather than someone else?



Strategy

How are you going to sell your product or service. How will you
market it? How will you keep track of clients/customers? How will
you grow the business?



Operations

Where will your business be located?

Will you make your products or purchase them from wholesalers?

Will you lease or buy equipment? Hire employees?

Partner with other businesses?

How will you handle distribution? Inventory?

How will you market your business?



Financials

Where will you get the money to start your business? Will you pay
yourself a salary? How will you pay for employees? What are your
costs and income?



A business plan for a nonprofit organization
might be set up like this:



Executive Summary

Include a mission statement, description of the board of directors,
types and number of employees needed, location and where services
will be provided, description of those services, funding sources,
summary of market research you may have conducted.



Services or Products to be offered

Description of service or product, what problem do they address?
What the objectives are for the services.



Results of your needs analysis

Explain the documented need for your service or explain a new need
you will address. Who else provides this service or a similar one?
Who are your clients...who will you be helping? Where are they
located? How many are there?



Organization & Management

How will you organize? Create an organizational chart. Develop staff
profiles for the major players such as the CEO and the program manager.



Marketing and Sales Strategies

How do you plan to communicate to your target audience. Include an
advertising plan and a PR plan.



Financials

Where will you get the money for the startup? Grants, loans, fees?
Prepare an annual budget showing revenue and expenses.

You can see how similar these plans are. You will need a business plan
for your nonprofit to show to donors or foundations that may fund you,
to potential board members so they know what they are getting into,
and the plan can serve as a compass for your organization so that you
don't get off track. A business plan is a living document and can grow
and change as your organization grows, becomes more sophisticated and
takes on additional challenges.



What Is a Business Plan and Why Do I Need One for My Nonprofit?
http://nonprofit.about.com/od/nonprofitbasics/f/busplan.htm



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SECTION 2



NON-PROFIT
BUSINESS
PLAN
BASICS




A non-profit business plan describes all of the aspects of an
operation and provides a strategic plan of how it will be managed.
The plan will show where the organization wants to be in three or
five years and what it will take to accomplish the vision. The
business plan can also be used to present to potential donors or
lenders in order to get funding.



Mission and Executive Statements


Every non-profit organization is formed for a particular purpose
and your mission statement should reflect that intentions. It can
be a brief paragraph or section that identifies the population the
agency intends to serve and the expected outcomes. For example, if
the juvenile crime rates in your city propelled you to open a youth
center, you can describe how your non-profit organization will help
direct young people to stay out of trouble. Once you have the mission
statement completed, you can use it to create the executive statement
and give more detail on how your organization's programs or services
will address problems in the community.



Management Plan

Once you have all of the goals of your non-profit organization established,
you will need to determine who will be responsible for implementing each
aspect of the operation. Your non-profit business plan can outline your
personnel structure, the titles of the positions needed and how many
employees are required to carry out the mission. It should also include the
days and times needed to operate the organization, as well as how and when
the programs and services will take place. If you will need the assistance
of volunteers your business plan can include how you will recruit them,
what qualifications they must have and how they will be used.



Financial Plan

Another basic step is the financial plan. You can outline all of the start-up
costs involved in launching your non-profit organization, including expenses
related to purchasing or leasing a building or office space and all of the
monthly utilities. The costs of any necessary equipment, furniture, and
supplies should be listed such as computers, desks, tables and chairs. The
salaries for you and your employees need to be factored into the expenses
as well. Since the services provided from a non-profit organization are
usually free to those who need them, you will have to determine how you will
generate funds to keep the agency running. Another non-profit business plan
component is the fundraising strategy—how much it will cost to implement it,
your target audience of donors and the expected amount of donations. This is
also the section in your business plan where you can list the costs of any
permits and licenses that may be required by your state to operate your
non-profit organization.



Non-Profit Business Plan Basics
http://www.ehow.com/list_6890008_non_profit-business-plan-basics.html



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SECTION 3



HOW TO
CREATE A
BUSINESS
PLAN FOR A
NON-PROFIT




You have a vision for your non-profit organization. You know who or
what you want to help, but you don't know where to go next. Or perhaps
you've started your non-profit organization, but need more funding.
Creating a business plan is your next step.



Instructions


1. Make sure you have the essentials of your business plan. Write the
cover letter, statement of purpose and table of contents.

2. Compile your executive summary. This is your non-profit's introduction.
The detailed information about your organization's mission, background,
keys to success and objectives is listed separately with title headings.
Treat the executive summary as if the person reading it won't read the
rest of the plan.

3. Know your organization. Within this summary is your organization's
history, legal status, a description of its location and facilities and
past performance, if you have any. Use graphs and charts to show your
organization's past performance.

4. Compose a list of services. Under separate headings list a service
description. Include any other organizations providing the same services.
Provide any printed collateral or marketing materials,such as brochures.
Next, include fulfillment or your staff's duties.

5. Create a market analysis summary. Include trends, needs and growth
of the market your organization serves.

6. Show how your organization serves its target audience. This section
includes future funding forecasts, marketing strategies and milestones
for your organization. Include graphs and charts in this section to make
it easier to understand.

7. Write about your organization's team. The management summary includes
a brief paragraph about your workers, what they do and their salaries.

8. Highlight the financial plan. Your organization's cash flow, important
assumptions, projected surplus and/or deficit and projected balance sheet
are included in this section.

9. Include your organization's supporting documents. Include all the tax
returns and other legal documents, if you have them.



How to Create a Business Plan for a Non-Profit
http://www.ehow.com/how_3390877_create-business-plan-nonprofit.html



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SECTION 4



HOW TO
CREATE A
BUSINESS
PLAN FOR A
NON-PROFIT
RELATED
TOPICS




How to Raise Large Funds for a Non-Profit Organization
http://www.ehow.com/info_12299243_raise-large-funds-nonprofit-organization.html

How to Write a Non-Profit Business Plan
http://www.ehow.com/how_6137409_write-non_profit-business-plan.html

How to Write a Non-Profit Business Plan
http://www.ehow.com/how_6137409_write-non_profit-business-plan.html

How to Write a Non-Profit Business Plan
http://www.ehow.com/how_6137409_write-non_profit-business-plan.html

How to Write a Non-Profit Business Plan
http://www.ehow.com/how_6137409_write-non_profit-business-plan.html

How to Write a Business Plan for Non Profit Organizations
http://www.ehow.com/how_4968035_write-plan-non-profit-organizations.html

How to Write a Strategic Business Plan for a Nonprofit
http://www.ehow.com/how_6815339_write-strategic-business-plan-nonprofit.html

How to Write Simple Business Plans for Nonprofit Businesses
http://www.ehow.com/how_7481860_write-business-plans-nonprofit-businesses.html

How to Write Simple Business Plans for Nonprofit Businesses
http://www.ehow.com/how_7481860_write-business-plans-nonprofit-businesses.html

How to Write a Business Plan for Non Profit Organizations
http://www.ehow.com/how_4968035_write-plan-non-profit-organizations.html

Non-Profit Business Plan Basics
http://www.ehow.com/list_6890008_non_profit-business-plan-basics.html

How to Create a Business Plan for a Non-Profit
http://www.ehow.com/how_3390877_create-business-plan-nonprofit.html

How to Plan a Non-Profit Organization
http://www.ehow.com/video_4439793_plan-non_profit-organization.html

How to Write a Non-Profit Strategic Plan
http://www.ehow.com/how_5886732_write-non_profit-strategic-plan.html

How to Write a Nonprofit Business Proposal
http://www.ehow.com/how_5923937_write-nonprofit-business-proposal.html

How to Write a Mission Statement for a Nonprofit Organization
http://www.ehow.com/how_2151397_write-mission-statement-nonprofit-organization.html

What Is a Business Plan for a Nonprofit Company?
http://www.ehow.com/info_7909266_business-plan-nonprofit-company.html



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SECTION 5



HOW TO
WRITE A
NONPROFIT
ORGANIZATION
BUSINESS
PLAN




A nonprofit organization business plan creates a guide that the
employees of the nonprofit can use to run the business. Since
many nonprofits apply for grants as a source of funding, the
business plan is a document that describes both the purpose and
viability of your nonprofit, and is submitted with your grant
applications. Similar to the business plan used by a for-profit
business, the format of the plan is the same. The only difference
is that a nonprofit applies the money it raises for its mission
or cause.



Instructions


Step 1

Write the mission statement. A mission statement describes the purpose
of the nonprofit or the cause the organization is working on behalf of.
For example, the mission statement for Springboard, a nonprofit
organization that educates consumers on credit and debt, is, "Our mission
is simple: To offer education on the wise use of credit." A mission
statement can be as short as one sentence or as long as one paragraph.
Typically, however, a mission statement is short and concise.



Step 2

State the goals of the nonprofit organization. Write out the main goals
you are trying to achieve through the work that the nonprofit is going
to undertake. Typically, the goals for the business plan are short-term,
yearly, and long-term (over a two-, three-, four- or five-year period).



Step 3

Identify the nonprofit's objectives. An objective is a statement, or
series of statements, that identifies the goals of the organization.
Each objective you state as part of your business plan should be
measurable. For example, if your objective is to enroll 3,500 members
in your first year, at the end of the first year, you should be able
to quantify how many members you have to determine the feasibility of
your objective.



Step 4

Write out the nonprofit's strategies. The strategic portion of your
business plan identifies the steps that have to be taken in order
for you to achieve the goals and objectives laid out in the plan.
For example, to enroll 3,500 members within one year, a strategy may
be to run a membership drive in the month of March, where you leverage
existing members to recruit new members.



Step 5

Create a calendar or timeline. Some individuals find it easier to
accomplish their tasks by laying out the information in a calendar,
timeline or checklist format. When the plan is broken down into chunks
of time, tasks can be delegated accordingly and progress can be
tracked more efficiently.



How to Write a Nonprofit Organization Business Plan
http://org.enom.com/write-nonprofit-organization-business-plan-422.html



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SECTION 6



BASIC
INFORMATION ON
BUSINESS
PLANS
FOR
NONPROFITS




At the start-up phase and periodically during the ongoing life-cycle
of a nonprofit, boards and staff may want to engage in “business
planning” as an exercise to analyzes the anticipated financial
support needed to fulfill its strategic plan and remain sustainable.



Four Elements of Business Plans:


Strategic clarity:

Developing a concrete description of the impact for which the organization
will hold itself accountable over some specified period of time (its
intended impact) and the cause-and-effect logic explaining how its work
will lead to that impact (its theory of change).



Strategic priorities:

Determining what specific actions and activities must take place to achieve
the intended impact.



Resource implications:

Understanding the resources—financial, human, and organizational—needed to
pursue these priorities and mapping out a plan to secure them.



Performance measures:

Establishing the quantitative and qualitative milestones. Nonprofits with a
business plan that anticipates potential fluctuations in revenue are generally
better able to weather the storms of economic upheaval. The following business
planning resources offer strategies nonprofits can use to reduce their
susceptibility to the negative impact of economic downturns. Additionally, some
nonprofit business plans address risk management (What if the planned activities
fail or the environment changes dramatically? What is your Plan B?)



Basic information on business plans for nonprofits
http://www.councilofnonprofits.org/strategic-business-planning-for-nonprofits



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SECTION 7



SAMPLE
BUSINESS
PLANS
FOR
NONPROFITS




Nonprofit Business Plans
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/nonprofit_business_plans.php

Nonprofit Food Bank Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/nonprofit_food_bank_business_plan.php

Nonprofit Trade Association Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/nonprofit_trade_association_business_plan.php

Art School Museum Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/art_school_museum_business_plan.php

Art Film Theater Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/art_film_theater_business_plan.php

Occupational Health Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/occupational_health_business_plan.php

School Fundraising Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/school_fundraising_business_plan.php

Youth Sports Nonprofit Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/youth_sports_nonprofit_business_plan.php

Nonprofit Youth Services Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/nonprofit_youth_services_business_plan.php

Emergency Shelters Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/emergency_shelters_business_plan.php

Nonprofit Law Firm Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/nonprofit_law_firm_business_plan.php

Nonprofit Recording Co-op Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/nonprofit_recording_co-op_business_plan.php

Nursing Home Business Plan
http://www.paloalto.com/business_plan_software/sample_business_plans/nursing_home_business_plan.php



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SECTION 8



NONPROFIT
BUSINESS
PLAN
LINKS




Business planning
http://www.nonprofitexpert.com/business_plan.htm

Business Planning For nonprofits, for-profits
http://managementhelp.org/businessplanning/index.htm

Elements of a Business Plan for a Nonprofit Organization
http://nonprofit.about.com/od/gettingstarted/tp/Elements-Of-A-Business-Plan-For-A-Nonprofit-Organization.htm

Free non profit business plan template
http://www.docstoc.com/search/free-non-profit-business-plan-template

Free Not for Profit Organization Business Plan
http://www.thefinanceresource.com/free_business_plans/free_not_for_profit_organization_business_plan.aspx

Free Nonprofit Sample Business Plans
http://www.bplans.com/nonprofit_business_plan_templates.php

How do I Write a Business Plan for a Nonprofit Corporation?
http://smallbusiness.chron.com/write-business-plan-nonprofit-corporation-3061.html

Non-Profit Business Plan Template
http://www.growthink.com/businessplan/help-center/non-profit-business-plans

Non Profit Business Plan Template
http://www.samplebusinesstemplates.com/business-plan-templates/non-profit-business-plan-template.html

Nonprofit Business Plan - Template & Guidance
http://www.northskynonprofitnetwork.org/resource-center/nonprofit-business-plan-template-guidance

Nonprofit mission statements
http://www.missionstatements.com/nonprofit_mission_statements.html

Non Profit Social Services Business Plan
http://www.businessplantemplate.net/preview/Business_Plan_Non_Profit_Social_Services

Nonprofit Youth Services Business Plan
http://www.bplans.com/nonprofit_youth_services_business_plan/executive_summary_fc.php

Sample Nonprofit Business Plans
http://www.bridgespan.org/Publications-and-Tools/Strategy-Development/Sample-Nonprofit-Business-Plans.aspx

Sample Non Profit Business Plan
http://www.seanpaulkelley.com/credit/business/sample_non_profit_business_plan.html

steps for developing a nonprofit strategic business plan
http://www.scoreknox.org/library/steps.htm

Strategic business plans for nonprofits
http://www.councilofnonprofits.org/strategic-business-planning-for-nonprofits#sthash.q7iQsnA0.dpuf



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