FARM
ANIMAL
LIVESTOCK




Do not let anyone tell you that raising
animals is easy. It may only take a few
minutes a day, but you can never skip a
day. Before you commit yourself to the
task, check at the town hall to determine
whether they are permitted in your area.
If you have a little extra space and can
put in a little time daily, and you like
animals, there are an abundance of rewards.
You can have cream-rich milk, fresh eggs,
chemical-free meat as well as a low cost
and fun fill pass time for most people.






SEE YOUR LOCAL COUNTY
EXTENSION AGENT FOR YOUR AREA
EACH AREA HAS IT'S OWN
CODES FOR ANIMALS.




ANIMAL INFO
http://www.animalinfo.org/

WIKIPEDIA
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki

THE NEW FARMERS ALMANAC
http://www.farmsuccess.net/




BISON/BUFFALO

GOATS

PIGEONS

ALPACA/LLAMA/SHEEP

CARIBOU/REINDEER

EMU

CAMELS

RABBITS

HARES

GAME BIRDS

POULTRY

OSTRICH

YAK

VETERINARY

ANIMAL SCIENCE

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

TRANSHUMANCE

ZERO-GRAZING

DAIRY



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SECTION 1





BISON
BUFFALO




BISON
A large, wild animal of north
america with a large shaggy
head and a large hump over
the shoulders: buffalo, bison
are related to cattle.



BUFFALO
Any of several kind of large
animals related to cattle,
such as the water buffalo.




BISON
BUFFALO
LINKS




ACTION WILDLIFE
http://www.actionwildlife.org/

AMERICAN BISON
http://www.buffalo-bison.com/

THE AMERICAN WATER
BUFFALO ASSOCIATION

http://www.americanwaterbuffalo.org/

BIG TREE RANCH
http://www.waterbuffalos.com/

BISON CENTRAL
http://www.bisoncentral.com/

BOUVERIE LODGE
http://www.bisons.org/

THE GREAT PLAINS
BUFFALO ASSOCIATION

http://www.gpbuffalo.org/

SPORTSMAN'S CHOICE
http://www.sportsmanchoice.com/

WATER BUFFALO
ANIMAL INFO

http://www.animalinfo.org/

WILD IDEA BUFFALO
http://www.wildideabuffalo.com/




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SECTION 2





GOATS




GOATS
Any of several lively, cud-chewing
mammals with hollow horns and
usually beards. Goats are
closely related to sheep but
are stronger, less timid, and
more active than sheep. They
are raised for their meat,
meat and their hides.




GOATS
LINKS




THE AMERICAN DAIRY
GOAT ASSOCIATION

http://www.adga.org/

AMERICAN GOAT SOCIETY
http://www.americangoatsociety.com/

CYBER GOATS
http://www.cybergoat.com/

GOAT WEB
http://www.goatweb.com/

THE NATIONAL PYGMY
GOAT ASSOCIATION

http://www.npga.pygmy.com/



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SECTION 3





PIGEONS




PIGEONS
Any of numerous birds with thick
bodies, short tails and legs, and
often cooing calls, including doves.
There are many domesticated
varieties of the common pigeon.
There were many areas that once
had wild varieties.




PIGEONS
LINKS




THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION
OF PIGEONS

http://www.ifpigeon.com/

THE NATIONAL
PIGEON ASSOCIATION

http://www.npausa.com/

PIGEONS.COM
http://www.pigeons.com/

THE ROYAL PIGEON
RACING ASSOCIATION

http://www.rpra.org/



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SECTION 4






ALPACA
LLAMA
SHEEP




ALPACA
A domesticated animal of South
America with long, silky wool. It
is closely related to the llama,
but smaller. A cloth made from
this wool, that is glossy, wiry
with the same name.




LLAMA
A domesticated South American
mammal that chews the cud and
has woolly hair. LLamas are
related to camels, but do not
have humps. Most are used as
beasts of burden.




SHEEP
Cud-chewing mammal with a
thick wooly coat and hoofs that
chews its cud. Sheep are related
to goats and are raised for wool,
meat, and skins.






ALPACA
LLAMA
SHEEP
LINKS




ALL ANIMALS
http://www.all-animals.com/

CALIFORNIA WOODLAND
FIBER FESTIVAL

http://www.fiberfestival.com/

FABRICS NET
http://www.fabrics.net/

THE FARMERS MAILBOX
http://www.fmb.com.au/

LIVING WATER ALPACAS
http://www.livingwateralpacas.com/

LLAMA DIRECTORY
http://www.llamadirectory.com/

LLAMAPAEDIA
http://www.llamapaedia.com/

LLAMA WEB
http://www.llamaweb.com/

LOFTY PINE SHEEP
AND LLAMA RANCH

http://www.loftypines.net/

ROCK ISLAND
http://www.rockisland.com/

ROCKY MOUNTAIN LLAMA
AND ALPACA ASSOCIATION

http://www.rmla.com/




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SECTION 5





CARIBOU
REINDEER





CARIBOU
A large deer with branching
antlers that lives in northern
North America. Caribou are used
for their meat hides and antlers.




REINDEER
A large deer with branching
antlers that lives in northern
regions. It is used to pull the
sleighs and also for meat,milk,
and their hides.





CARIBOU
REINDEER
LINKS




CARIBOU
http://www.caribou-caribou.com/

CARIBOU COMMONS PROJECT
http://www.cariboucommons.com/

THE NATIONAL MUSEUM
OF NATURAL HISTORY

http://www.mnh.si.edu/

NATIONAL PRESERVE
http://www.nps.gov/

RANGIFER
http://www.rangifer.net/



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SECTION 6







EMU




A large, three toed Australian
bird like an ostrich, but smaller.
Emu cannot fly but can run very
fast. They are raised for meat
and their feathers.




EMU
LINKS




AMERICAN EMU ASSOCIATION
http://www.aea-emu.org/

ANIMAL TRIAL
http://www.animaltrial.com/

BIRDS AUSTRALIA NEST
http://www.birdsaustralia.com.au/

EMU BIRDS
http://www.emu-birds.com/

EMU TODAY
http://www.emutoday.com/



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SECTION 7





CAMELS




Either of two large, four-footed,
cud-chewing mammals with long
necks and cushioned feet. They
are used as beasts of burden in
the deserts of northern Africa
and central Asia because they
can go for a long time without
drinking water. The dromedary,
the camel of northern africa,
has one hump: the bactrian
camel of central Asia has
two humps.




CAMELS
LINKS




ALL CAMELS
http://www.allcamels.com/

CAMELLO FATAGA
http://www.camellosafari.com/

CAMELS
http://www.camels-camels.com/

WILD CAMELS
http://www.wildcamels.com/



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SECTION 8




RABBITS




Any of several small burrowing
mammals with soft fur, long ears,
long hind legs, and short, fluffy
tails. They are raised for their
meat as well as hides or fur.



CUNICULTURE




Cuniculture is the agricultural practice
of breeding and raising domestic rabbits,
usually for their meat, fur, or wool.
Some people, called rabbit fanciers,
practice cuniculture predominantly for
show or hobby.




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RABBITS
LINKS




DEBMARK RABBIT
EDUCATION RESOURCE

http://www.debmart.com/

HOUSE RABBIT SOCIETY
http://www.rabbit.org/

RABBIT WEB
http://www.rabbitweb.net/

RUDOLPH'S RABBIT RANCH
http://www.rudolphsrabbitranch.com/



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SECTION 8A



HARES




Any of several gnawing mammals
that resemble rabbits but they
are larger, with longer ears and
legs, and do not live in borrows.
The jack rabbit is a hare.




HARES
LINKS




BELGIAN HARES
http://www.belgianhares.com/

BRIER PATCH BELGIAN HARES
http://www.brier-patch.com/

MY WHITE HARES RABBITRY
http://www.mywhitehares.com/

SOUTHERN HARES RABBITRY
http://www.southernharesrabbitry.com/



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SECTION 9





GAME
BIRDS




Wild birds hunted of caught for
sport and food. These are for the
most part come under the heading
of the fish and wildlife servics,
or hunting and fishing laws.




GAME BIRDS
LINKS




ADOPT A TURKEY
http://www.adoptaturkey.org/

FAIRVIEW HATCHERY
http://www.fairviewhatchery.com/

FIELD AND STREAM
http://www.fieldandstream.com/

GAME BIRD BREEDERS
GAZETTE MAGAZINE

http://www.gamebird.com/

GAMEBIRDS OF SOUTHERN AFRICA
http://www.gamebirds.co.za/

NORTH AMERICAN
GAMEBIRD ASSOCIATION

http://www.naga.org/

THAT QUAIL PLACE
http://www.shaywood.com/

UNCLE TOM GAME BIRD FARM
http://www.uncle-toms-farm.com/



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SECTION 10



POULTRY




Birds such as chickens, turkeys,
geese and ducks, raised for their
meat, eggs and feathers.



Poultry is the class of domesticated
fowl (birds) used for food or for their
eggs.


These most typically are
membersof the orders:

Galliformes,
(such as chickens and turkeys),

Anseriformes,
(waterfowl such as ducks and geese).


The word poultry is often used to refer
to the meat of these birds. In a more
general sense, it may refer to the meat
of other birds, such as pigeons or doves,
or game birds like pheasants.



DUCKS
Any of the numerous swimming
birds with short necks, short legs,
webbed feet and flat bills.



GOOSE
Any of several swimming birds,
like ducks but larger and having
longer necks. A goose also have
webbed feet.




POULTRY
LINKS




AMERICAN POULTRY ASSOCIATION
http://www.ampltya.com/

THE COOP
http://www.the-coop.org/

DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SCIENCE
OKLAHOMA STATE

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/

FEATHER SITE
http://www.feathersite.com/

IDEAL-POULTRY
http://www.ideal-poultry.com/

POULTRY.ORG
http://www.poultry.org/

THE POULTRY CONNECTION
http://www.poultryconnection.com/

POULTRY NEWS
http://www.poultrynews.com/

POULTRY PRESS
http://www.poultrypress.com/

THE POULTRY SITE
http://www.thepoultrysite.com/

POULTRY SCIENCE
http://www.poultryscience.org/

U.S. POULTRY AND
EGG ASSOCIATION

http://www.poultryegg.org/



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SECTION 11





OSTRICH




A large African and arabian bird
that can run fast but cannot fly.
Ostriches have two toes and are
the largest birds alive. They
have plumes which were formerly
used as ornaments.




OSTRICH
LINKS




AMERICAN OSTRICH ASSOCIATION
http://www.ostriches.org/

CRAZY RANCH
http://www.crazyranch.net/

OSTRICH AND OSTRICHES
http://www.ostrich.com/

OSTRICH RESOURCES
http://www.ostrichresources.com/

OSTRICH WORLD
http://www.ostrich-world.com/

R&M OSTRICH FARM
http://www.rm-ostrich.com/



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SECTION 12



YAK






YAK
A long-haired ox of tibet
and central asia, Yaka are
raised for meat, milk, hair
and hides. They are also used
for carrying loads.




YAK
LINKS




YAMPA VALLEY YAKS
http://www.yampayaks.com/

HOOPER YAK RANCH
http://www.yak-man.com/



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SECTION 13





VETERINARY




Of or about the medical or
the surgical treatment of
animals.



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SECTION 13A




ANIMAL
SCIENCE





The science of animal husbandry, called animal
science, is taught in many universities and
Colleges around the world. Students of animal
science may pursue degrees in veterinary
medicine following graduation, or go on to
pursue master's degrees or doctorates in
disciplines such as nutrition, genetics and
breeding, or reproductive physiology.

Graduates of these programs may be found
working in the veterinary and the human
pharmaceutical industries, the livestock
and pet supply and feed industries, or in
academia.

Animals that live under human care are in
captivity. Captivity can be used as a
generalizing term to describe the keeping
of either domesticated animals (livestock
and pets) or wild animals.

This may include for example farms, private
homes and zoos. Keeping animals in human
captivity and under human care can thus be
distinguished between three primary categories
according to the particular motives, objectives
and conditions:




1. Animal Husbandry:

Keeping and breeding livestock domesticated for
economic reasons in farms, stud farms and similar
establishments.


2. Pet Keeping:

Keeping pets domesticated for personal reasons
mostly at private homes.


3. Wild Animal Keeping:

Keeping wild, non-domesticated animals in menageries,
zoos, aquaria, marine mammal parks or dolphinariums
and similar establishments for various reasons:


Prestige,
(illustration of wealth and power)

Entertainment and amusement,

Science,

Education,

Conservation biology.





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SECTION 13B




ANIMAL
HUSBANDRY




Animal husbandry is the agricultural
practice of breeding and the raising
livestock.
As such, it is a vital skill for farmers
and, in some countries in many ways, as
much art as it is science. Other countries
have strict laws on the qualifications
needed to treat animals and ensure that
scientific methods are used to care for
them.




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SECTION 13C



TRANSHUMANCE




Transhumance is a term that
has two accepted usages:

A seter in Gudbrandsdal,
Norway.


It is above the tree line in the mountains
and is used for summer pasture. Older sources
use the term transhumance for vertical seasonal
livestock movement, typically to higher pastures
in summer and to the lower valleys in winter.
The herders have a permanent home, typically in
the valley. Only the herds and a subset people
necessary to tend them travel.

Some recent studies consider nomadism, where
livestock move to follow grazing over considerable
distances following set seasonal patterns (with the
whole family of herders living in temporary shelters
which move with the herds all the year round) a form
of transhumance.


Nomadic transhumance:

Often traditional nomadic groups settle into a
regular seasonal pattern, which has been described by
some anthropologists as a form of transhumance.
An example of a normal transhumance cycle follows:


Spring:
about 90 days,
(early April to the end of June).


Summer:
about 83 days,
(end of June to late September).


Autumn:
about 71 days,
(mid-September to end of November).


Winter:
some 121 days,
(from December to the end of March).

These movements in this example are about
180 to 200 km from the desert plains in
the winter to the higher plateau of the
summer pastures, with spring and fall spent
in transition.

The camps are established in the same place
each year; often semi-permanent shelters are
built in at least one place on the migration
route.



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VETERINARY
LINKS




AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL
http://www.avma.org/

ANIMAL HELP
http://www.animalhelp.com/

VETERINARY INFORMATION
http://www.vetinfo.com/

VETERINARY RELIEF INTERNATIOL
http://www.veterinaryreliefinternational.com/



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SECTION 14



ZERO-GRAZING




Zero-grazing means keeping animals
in a stall, and bringing fodder to
them instead of allowing them to
graze outside.
It is also sometimes called:
"cut-and-carry".
It is an intensive system that
produces a lot of milk from a
small amount of land.

Zero-grazing can also be used with
goats and sheep. They can be kept
in a shed with a slatted wood or
bamboo floor, raised about 1 m
above the ground.

The droppings fall through the slats
into a pit beneath the shed. They can
then be carried away to be used as
fertilizer.


LOCATION:

Zero-grazing is especially useful
in areas where land is scarce. It
requires a reliable source of feed,
and sufficient labour to cut and
carry the feed.


ADVANTAGES:

Zero-grazing reduces the number of
pests (especially ticks and intestinal
worms), since the animals do not graze
on infested pastures.
It allows the intensive use of land for
growing fodder, and maximizes the use of
the available land.
It reduces damage to crops caused by
grazing cattle.


DISADVANTAGES:

This method requires labour to cut and
carry the feed and to fetch water.
Building and maintaining the shed and
pit take money and labour.



ZERO-GRAZING
LINKS




Developing Countries
Farm Radio Network

http://www.farmradio.org/english/

Gorta
http://www.gorta.org

International Institute for
Sustainable Development

http://www.iisd.org/

International rural development
http://www.iirr.org/

Winrock International
http://www.winrock.org/

The World Bank Group
http://www.worldbank.org/



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SECTION 15



DAIRY




A dairy is a facility for the
extraction and processing of
animal milk (mostly from cows,
sometimes from buffalo, sheep
or goats) and other farm animals,
for human consumption.
A dairy farm produces milk and
a dairy factory processes it
into a variety of dairy products.




DAIRY
LINKS




American Dairy Goat Association
http://www.adga.org/

American Dairy Science Association (ADSA)
http://www.adsa.org/

Dairy Foods
http://www.dairyfoods.com/

Dairy Goat Journal
http://www.dairygoatjournal.com/

The Dairy Practices Council
http://www.dairypc.org/

Dairy Industry,
http://www.dairyreporter.com/

International Dairy Foods Association
http://www.idfa.org/

National Dairy Council
http://www.nationaldairycouncil.org/

U.S. Dairy Export Council
http://www.usdec.org/

World Dairy Expo
http://www.worlddairyexpo.com/


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