LEARNING
LEARNING STYLES
LEARNING SKILLS
HOW TO LEARN




LEARNING

LEARNING STYLES

THREE MAJOR TYPES OF LEARNING

WHAT ARE THE FOUR TYPES OF LEARNING?

FOUR TYPES OF LEARNING: VISUAL TACTILE KINESTHETIC AUDIO

FOUR LEARNING STYLES

THE 7 LEARNING STYLES

OVERVIEW OF LEARNING STYLES

BENEFITS OF DETERMINING YOUR LEARNING TYPE

LEARNING LINKS



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SECTION 1



LEARNING




Learning is the act of acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing,
existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences and
may involve synthesizing different types of information. The ability
to learn is possessed by humans, animals and some machines. Progress
over time tends to follow learning curves. Learning is not compulsory;
it is contextual. It does not happen all at once, but builds upon and
is shaped by previous knowledge. To that end, learning may be viewed
as a process, rather than a collection of factual and procedural
knowledge. Learning produces changes in the organism and the changes
produced are relatively permanent.

Human learning may occur as part of education, personal development,
schooling, or training. It may be goal-oriented and may be aided by
motivation. The study of how learning occurs is part of educational
psychology, neuropsychology, learning theory, and pedagogy. Learning
may occur as a result of habituation or classical conditioning, seen
in many animal species, or as a result of more complex activities
such as play, seen only in relatively intelligent animals. Learning
may occur consciously or without conscious awareness. Learning that
an aversive event can't be avoided nor escaped is called learned
helplessness. There is evidence for human behavioral learning
prenatally, in which habituation has been observed as early as 32
weeks into gestation, indicating that the central nervous system is
sufficiently developed and primed for learning and memory to occur
very early on in development.

Play has been approached by several theorists as the first form of
learning. Children experiment with the world, learn the rules, and
learn to interact through play. Lev Vygotsky agrees that play is
pivotal for children's development, since they make meaning of
their environment through play.



Learning
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning



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SECTION 2



LEARNING
STYLES




Learning styles in education are the systematic differences
in individuals' natural or habitual pattern of acquiring and
processing information in learning situations. A core concept
is that individuals differ in how they learn. The idea of
individualized learning styles originated in the 1970s, and
has greatly influenced education.

Proponents of the use of learning styles in education recommend
that teachers assess the learning styles of their students and
adapt their classroom methods to best fit each student's learning
style. Although there is ample evidence that individuals express
preferences for how they prefer to receive information, few
studies have found any validity in using learning styles in
education.



Learning styles
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_styles




Category:Learning
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Learning




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SECTION 3



THREE
MAJOR
TYPES
OF
LEARNING




Learning is a change in behavior or in potential behavior
that occurs as a result of experience. Learning occurs
most rapidly on a schedule of continuous reinforcement.

However it is fairly easy to extinguish… switching to
variable reinforcement after the desired behavior has
been reached prevents extinction.


1). Learning through association - Classical Conditioning

2). Learning through consequences – Operant Conditioning

3). Learning through observation – Modeling/Observational Learning



Three Major Types of Learning
http://faculty.washington.edu/robinet/Learning.htm



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SECTION 4



WHAT ARE
THE FOUR TYPES
OF
LEARNING




People have different ways of learning information. This can
make it especially difficult for teachers. While their methods
of teaching might work for some of their students, they might
not work for others. It is very important that teachers be
aware of the four main kinds of learners. With this knowledge,
teachers can structure their curriculum in such a way that all
of their students will be able to learn efficiently.



Type I Learners

This type of learner falls into the Reflective Observation and
Concrete Experience categories. These learners are referred to
as Innovative Learners. These learners need to have a personal
connection to whatever they learn in order to find it
interesting.

Innovative Learners often ask a question that begins with "Why?"
They want to be sure that whatever they are learning has a value
in daily life situations. Teachers who have these kinds of
students in class will find that these learners benefit most from
activities such as brainstorming and cooperative learning.



Type II Learners

Type II learners fall into the Abstract Conceptualization and
Reflective Observation categories and are referred to as
Analytic Learners. Analytic Learners often ask questions that
begin with "What?" For these learners, the processes and the
concepts they learn have little value to them unless they can
gain a deeper understanding of them. Analytic Learners like to
acquire facts.

Teachers who have this kind of learner in their classroom will
find that they like to analyze data, do independent research and
find expert opinions on material being presented. Teachers will
also notice that Analytic Learners like lectures, because they
can learn quite effectively from them.



Type III Learners

These learners are referred to as Common Sense Learners. Common Sense
Learners fall under the categories of Active Conceptualization and
Abstract Conceptualization. These learners like to ask the question,
"How does this work?" They are the learners who, if possible, want to
actually try whatever it is they learn. Teachers will notice that this
kind of learner works best with kinesthetic learning experiences.



Type IV Learners

Concrete Experience and Active Experimentation are the two categories
that these learners, referred to as Dynamic Learners, fall into. These
are the learners who have an interest in discovering things entirely
on their own, generally using intuition. While they like to teach
themselves new things, they often like to teach others new things as
well. Dynamic Learners learn best through techniques such as games
and simulations.



More Information

Although a student of a certain learning type might have a preferred
learning method, that does not mean that the student cannot learn via
other methods. Teachers who incorporate as many learning methods as
possible (such as lectures, games, kinesthetic experiences and
cooperative learning) into their curriculum find that they help the
most students in their class to successfully learn the necessary
materials.



What Are the Four Types of Learning?
http://www.ehow.com/about_5208167_four-types-learning_.html



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SECTION 5



FOUR TYPES
OF LEARNING
VISUAL TACTILE
KINESTHETIC AUDIO




Everyone learns using a different style or a combination of styles.

The four major categories are:

visual verbal

visual non-verbal

tactile (called kinesthetic)

audio.



The name of each style suggests how it is defined and what the learner
responds to best. These learning concepts are often confused with
multiple intelligence, which is related but has a different meaning.



Visual Verbal

As the name implies, visual verbal learners use their eyes to retain
information. This learning style involves a clear view of the classroom,
including the teacher's body language. If you are a visual or verbal
learner, you respond to viewed and written information. Outlines,
textbooks and blackboard notes serve you well when recording information.
Use color coding, like multicolored highlighter pens, when taking notes
or reading.



Visual Non-Verbal

Visual non-verbal learners also respond well to colors and flashcards,
but prefer pictures, designs and video as opposed to the written word.
Flash cards, highlighted text and symbols are the tools of the visual
non-verbal learner. Use a computer to craft tables and charts to help
you study if your learning style is visual non-verbal. If you are a
visual non-verbal learner, you remember information by picturing it
in your mind and likely have an artistic side.



Audio

Closely related to the visual verbal learner, the audio learner
functions best when information is presented in a spoken format.
Group work and lectures are the most efficient ways that audio
learners record and retain information. Studying with a friend
and discussing points of interest and importance is also helpful.
The rise in popularity and availability of audio books and MP3s
is a boon to the audio learner.



Tactile or Kinesthetic

These learners respond to real-life situations or objects they are
able to touch and feel. The Montessori style of learning that is
used for early childhood education is based on this concept.
Writing and pictures do not matter to you if you are a tactile
learner. Brief notes, sketches or models are the keys to retaining
information for the tactile or kinesthetic learner.



Four Types of Learning: Visual, Tactile, Kinesthetic & Audio
http://www.ehow.com/info_8379063_four-visual-tactile-kinesthetic-audio.html



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SECTION 6



FOUR
LEARNING
STYLES




Just as there are different personality types in humans, there are
also different learning styles. Each person's brain processes
information in slightly different ways. Recognizing these differences
affords children best education possible. Outlined here are the four
recognized learning styles.



Spatial and Visual

Spatial and visual learning employs the use of board games, flas
cards and picture association. Drawing a picture to describe a
story just heard is an example of a spacial and visual lesson.



Tactile and Kinetic

Tactile and kinetic learning style integrates physical movement
and activity into the learning process. Spelling with the arms,
or acting out a story for comprehension are two examples of
Tactile and kinetic learning.



Auditory

Auditory learners learn by hearing the information. Tools used in
auditory learning style include books on tape, memory and trivia
games. These students enjoy listening at story time, and excel at
oral lessons.



Logical

The logical learner needs to analyze information. Tactics of logical
learning include using word puzzles, problem solving exercises,
synopsis writing and abstract questioning.



Combination Learners

Some learners may not fit exactly into any of the four main styles
of learning. Commonly learners are a combination of audio as well
as spatial and visual. These children need to see the information
as they hear it.



Integrated Learning

Using a combination of tools from each learning style is known as
integrated learning. This allows all learners to benefit equally
from all lessons.



Four Learning Styles
http://www.ehow.com/facts_5179201_four-learning-styles.html



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SECTION 7



THE
7
LEARNING
STYLES




Every person's learning style is different. Some people must visualize
a concept, but others require a hands-on approach. Whatever the style,
it falls into one of seven common learning styles. Recognizing which
applies for you is the first step in learning.



History

Every person has an individual learning style. This notion was first
observed by Aristotle in 334 B.C. as he noticed differences in young
children and how they related to individuality. Thousands of years
later, personality theories and classifications advanced. The early
focus was on memory and visual methods. When IQ scores increased in
popularity, learning styles research declined. In the last couple of
decades, there has been a renewed interest, and classrooms across the
country are applying the results.



Significance

The significance of learning styles is many-sided and all around
beneficial. If parents know their child's learning style, then
appropriate methods can be introduced to enhance the learning
experience. Conflict will be reduced and self esteem increased.
Adults who are in tune with their individual style learn new
material quicker and perform at a higher level.



Function

The 7 Learning Styles are primarily used in education. The classroom
is the quintessential research lab. Every style can be observed at
any given time. The styles are used to enhance learning through
multiple classroom activities. A good classroom teacher will use every
tool at his disposal.



The 7 Types


Linguistic

characterized by strong memory and the love of reading, writing and
storytelling.



Logical

tend to be logical in thinking and reasoning. This style has an
insatiable curiosity toward the inner workings of objects.



Spatial

known as the visualizers. Good at interacting with colors and pictures.
Also, this style has a tendency to daydream.



Musical

characterized by the love of music, likes to study while listening to
music and memorizes better when set to a tune.



Bodily

This learner is always on the move. They display emotions and learn
through touching and feeling. It is hard to keep these learners in
their seat.



Interpersonal

very outgoing personality, and fits well in a crowd. This person
learns better in a group setting with a lot of interaction.



Intrapersonal

strong-willed personality who likes to work alone. This learning
style learns best by being left to work on assignments alone, with
periodic one-on-one interaction.



Identification

The identification of learning styles is the first step in helping
you or your child become an effective learner. Start by observing
your child while she is experiencing new things. Her actions or
inactions will quickly clue you into her individual learning style.



Things to look for:

Does your child use her hands to explore their environment?

Does your child interact with other children?

Does your child listen intently or daydream?



The 7 Learning Styles
http://www.ehow.com/facts_5459157_learning-styles.html



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SECTION 8



OVERVIEW
OF
LEARNING
STYLES




Many people recognize that each person prefers different learning
styles and techniques. Learning styles group common ways that
people learn. Everyone has a mix of learning styles. Some people
may find that they have a dominant style of learning, with far
less use of the other styles. Others may find that they use
different styles in different circumstances. There is no right mix.
Nor are your styles fixed. You can develop ability in less dominant
styles, as well as further develop styles that you already use well.

Many people recognize that each person prefers different learning
styles and techniques. Learning styles group common ways that people
learn. Everyone has a mix of learning styles. Some people may find
that they have a dominant style of learning, with far less use of
the other styles. Others may find that they use different styles in
different circumstances. There is no right mix. Nor are your styles
fixed. You can develop ability in less dominant styles, as well as
further develop styles that you already use well.



Visual (spatial)

You prefer using pictures, images, and spatial understanding.

Visual (spatial)
http://www.learning-styles-online.com/style/visual-spatial


Aural (auditory-musical)

You prefer using sound and music.

Aural (auditory-musical)
http://www.learning-styles-online.com/style/aural-auditory-musical


Verbal (linguistic)

You prefer using words, both in speech and writing.

Verbal (linguistic)
http://www.learning-styles-online.com/style/verbal-linguistic


kinesthetic

You prefer using your body, hands and sense of touch.

Physical style/physical-bodily-kinesthetic/
http://www.learning-styles-online.com/style/physical-bodily-kinesthetic


Logical (mathematical)

You prefer using logic, reasoning and systems.

Logical (mathematical)
http://www.learning-styles-online.com/style/logical-mathematical


Social (interpersonal)

You prefer to learn in groups or with other people.

Social (interpersonal)
http://www.learning-styles-online.com/style/social-interpersonal


Solitary intrapersonal

You prefer to work alone and use self-study.

Solitary intrapersonal
http://www.learning-styles-online.com/style/solitary-intrapersonal


Overview of Learning Styles
http://www.learning-styles-online.com/overview/



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SECTION 9



BENEFITS
OF
DETERMUNING
YOUR
LEARNING
TYPE




Some of these benefits of learning which category that you fall
under when it comes to learning type include:


•Being able to learn and absorb information the first time that
you hear it and reducing the amount of time and repetition that
is required when learning.

•Reducing the amount of reviewing and study time using methods
of learning that are not compatible with your learning ability.

•Defining your learning type can help you to choose the best
study method for you. The majority of people are unsure about
which methods that they should use to study and therefore
learning which method enables you to learn best can enable you
to learn effectively with the least amount of knowledge.



How to Determine Your Learning Style

You can determine the learning style through observation of your
skills that are used while learning. You can determine the
learning style through observing which ways that you learn best
and which method are used to ensure that you are absorbing the
highest amount of information.

Guidance counselors and many other services within the school
environment are often available to help students to determine
which type of learning style that works best for their particular
needs, as this can help the student to excel.

Alternatively, there are many tests that will help you to determine
your learning style. After answering a series of questions based
on situations that occur in learning, as well as asking basic
personality questions throughout the test, you are able to determine
which learning category that you fall under.



Benefits of Determining Your Learning Type
http://www.learningguide.org/learningstyles.htm



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SECTION 10



LEARNING
LEARNING STYLES
LEARNING SKILLS
HOW TO LEARN
LINKS




The 7 Styles Of Learning
http://www.edudemic.com/styles-of-learning/

23 Best Educational Websites and Tools for Kids
http://www.k-director.com/blog/23-best-educational-websites-and-tools-for-kids/#ixzz3UcbhNMhT

Enchanted Learning
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/Home.html

FREE EDUCATIONAL/LEARNING GAMES FOR KIDS
http://www.thekidzpage.com/learninggames/index.htm

Free Printable Worksheets
http://www.freeprintableonline.com/categories/worksheets

GCF Learn Free
http://www.gcflearnfree.org/

How to Learn any Language
http://www.learnlanguagesonyourown.com/index.html

How to Learn Without Memorizing
http://thinksimplenow.com/productivity/how-to-learn-without-memorizing/

How to study
http://www.how-to-study.com/

Kids Learn to Print
http://www.kidslearningstation.com/preschool/teach-printing.asp

Kid Printables
http://kidprintables.com/

Kids Worksheets
http://www.allkidsnetwork.com/worksheets/

Kinder Printables
http://www.kinderprintables.com/

Learning
http://childdevelopmentinfo.com/learning/

Learning Games For Kids
http://www.learninggamesforkids.com/

Learning to learn
http://www.studygs.net/metacognition.htm

Learning Planet.com
http://www.learningplanet.com/

Learning Styles
http://www.time4learning.com/learning-styles.shtml

Learning Styles
http://homeworktips.about.com/od/homeworkhelp/a/learningstyle.htm

Learning, Teaching - and Online Tools
http://www.besthomeschooling.org/gateway/inted13.html

Learning tools 4 kids
http://en.softonic.com/s/learning-tools-4-kids

Learning Tools for Elementary School Students
http://www.palmbeachschools.org/learning_tools/elementary/

Overview of the Seven Perceptual Styles
http://learningstyles.org/styles/index.html

Print and Learn Activities for Kids
http://childparenting.about.com/od/printablelearningsheets/a/printworksheets.htm

Types of Learning Styles
http://www.learningrx.com/types-of-learning-styles-faq.htm

What are the different types of learning styles?
http://www.education.com/question/learning-styles2/

What Is Learning?
http://psychology.about.com/od/lindex/g/learning.htm

Yes We Code
http://www.yeswecode.org/





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Academic Kids Free Online
Educational Encyclopedia

http://academickids.com/




Children's encyclopedias
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Children%27s_encyclopedias




Difference Between
http://www.differencebetween.info/




Education.com
http://www.education.com/




Nick Jr.
http://www.nickjr.com/




Highlights Kids.com
http://www.highlightskids.com/




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