THE ROLE OF THE JEWISH
IN AFRICAN AMERICAN BLACK
EDUCATION




AFRICAN AMERICAN-JEWISH RELATIONS

JEWISH PROF'S AND HBCU

ROSENWALD SCHOOL

ROSENWALD SCHOOL RELATED TOPICS

ROSENWALD SCHOOL LINKS

THE ROLE OF JEWS IN AFRICAN AMERICAN EDUCATION LINKS



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SECTION 1



AFRICAN AMERICAN
JEWISH RELATIONS




African Americans and American Jews have interacted throughout much
of the history of the United States. This relationship has included
widely publicized cooperation and conflict, and—since the 1970s—has
been an area of significant academic research.

The most significant aspect of the relationship was the cooperation
during the civil rights movement, culminating in the Civil Rights
Act of 1964. But the relationship has also been marred by conflict
and controversy involving subjects such as the Black Power movement,
Zionism, affirmative action, and alleged dominance of Jews in the
slave trade.



African American–Jewish relations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_American%E2%80%93Jewish_relations



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SECTION 2



JEWISH PROF'S
AND HBCU




*April 8th 1933 celebrates the beginning of European Jewish relationships
with African Americans on HBCU campuses.

Only months after Hitler seized power in Germany in the spring on 1933,
Jewish intellectuals who had held prestigious positions in Germany's
renowned universities were targeted for expulsion. One of the first pieces
of Nazi legislation excluded “non-Aryans” from civil service or academic
positions in Germany. Those who dared to oppose the decree were met with
brutal suppression. Often leaving with little more than the clothes on
their backs, many of these scholars fled to America, hoping to continue
their academic careers. They soon found themselves in a strange and
mysterious country, a nation reeling from the Depression and filled with
anti-Semitic and anti-German sentiment. They discovered a new form of
persecution in the Jim Crow South, where they taught at Historic Black
Colleges and Universities (HBCU’s).

While the most famous refugees, like Albert Einstein, were welcomed into
the hallowed halls of Eastern academia, most of these other scholars faced
an academic world that was aloof, if not downright hostile. Much to their
surprise, many of them were welcomed into a group of colleges that the
majority of white American professors ignored the historically all-Black
colleges in the South. For the Black colleges including Howard University,
Hampton Institute, and Tougaloo and Talladega Colleges these refugee
professors provided the opportunity to add great talent to their faculty;
for the professors, the arrangement provided a new home, a classroom of
students eager to learn, and an insider's look at an America that few had
ever seen. While most of these pairings between Jewish refugees and Black
colleges began as marriages of convenience, very often they blossomed into
matches that lasted a lifetime. Dr. Ismar Schorsch, Chancellor, Jewish
Theological Seminary stated, "They found a place where they could make a
contribution, and they found a place where they could pursue their
intellectual life. They found a place where they could make a difference."



Jewish Profs and HBCU
http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/jewish-profs-and-hbcus



List of historically black colleges and universities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_historically_black_colleges_and_universities







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SECTION 3



ROSENWALD SCHOOL




A Rosenwald School was the name informally applied to over five
thousand schools, shops, and teachers' homes in the United States
which were built primarily for the education of African-Americans
in the early 20th century.

The need arose from the chronic underfunding of public education
for African-American children in the South, who were required to
attend segregated schools. Julius Rosenwald, an American clothier
who became part-owner and president of Sears, Roebuck and Company,
was the founder of The Rosenwald Fund, through which he contributed
seed money for many of the schools and other philanthropic causes.
To promote collaboration between white and black citizens, Rosenwald
required communities to commit public funds to the schools, as well
as to contribute additional cash donations. Millions of dollars were
raised by African-American rural communities across the South to fund
better education for their children. Despite Rosenwald's matching
donations toward the construction of black schools, by the mid-1930s,
white schools in the South were worth, per student, over five times
what black schools were worth per student (in majority-black Mississippi,
this ratio was more than 13 to one).



Rosenwald School
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosenwald_School



The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Association_for_the_Advancement_of_Colored_People




Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Student_Nonviolent_Coordinating_Committee




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SECTION 4



ROSENWALD SCHOOL
RELATED TOPICS




List of Rosenwald schools
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Rosenwald_schools

Jane Addams
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jane_Addams

Grace Abbott
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Abbott

Emil Hirsch
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Hirsch

Julian Mack
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_Mack

Beauregard Parish Training School
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beauregard_Parish_Training_School

Rosenwald (film)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosenwald_(film)



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SECTION 5



ROSENWALD SCHOOL
LINKS




Breaking The Color Barrier
http://www.thejewishweek.com/arts/books/breaking-color-barrier

Diane Granat, Saving the Rosenwald Schools
http://www.aliciapatterson.org/APF2004/Granat/Granat.html

History South: Rosenwald Schools
http://www.historysouth.org/rosenwaldhome.html

Noble Hill Wheeler Memorial Center
http://www.noblehillwheeler.com/

Photographs of some Rosenwald Schools by Sarah Hoskins
http://www.sarahhoskins.com/#/rosenwald-schools/sarahhoskinsrosenwald10

Rosenwald
http://jewishorangeny.org/jewish-life/wao-weekly-e-blast-news-articles/new-film-rosenwald-tells-story-of-jewish-philanthropis

Rosenwald Harlanites, Inc.
http://www.rosenwaldharlanites.org/About-Us/Who-We-Are.html

Rosenwald School Archives at Fisk University
http://rosenwald.fisk.edu/

Rosenwald Schools Initiative
http://www.rosenwaldschools.com/

Rosenwald Schools of South Carolina, An Oral History Exhibit
http://library.sc.edu/digital/collections/scrosenwald/index.html

Shiloh Community Restoration Project
http://www.shilohcommfound.com/?page_id=8



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SECTION 6



THE ROLE OF THE JEWISH
IN AFRICAN AMERICAN BLACK
EDUCATION
LINKS




American Jewish Archives
http://americanjewisharchives.org/

Beyond Swastika and Jim Crow
http://africana.fiu.edu/events/2014/beyond-swastika-and-jim-crow-jewish-refugee-scholars-at-black-colleges/beyond-swastika-and-jim-crow.pdf

Beyond Swastika and Jim Crow
http://www.mjhnyc.org/college/

Black-Jewish Relations in the United States
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0003_0_03042.html

Blacks & Jews: Refugee Scholars at Black Colleges
http://oudc.org/act/splash.html

Counterblast: How the Atlanta Temple Bombing Strengthened the Civil Rights Cause
http://www.southernspaces.org/2009/counterblast-how-atlanta-temple-bombing-strengthened-civil-rights-cause

German Jewish Refugees, 1933–1939
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005468

HBCU's gave refuge to Jews
http://web.nccu.edu/campus/echo/archive5-0001/c-manasse.html

HBCUs once a haven for Jewish refugee scholars
http://diverseeducation.com/article/32432/

Jews and the Civil Rights Movement
http://www.rac.org/jews-and-civil-rights-movement

Jewish-African American Relations
http://northerncity.library.temple.edu/people-and-places/jewish-african-american-relations

Jewish Refugee Scholars at Black Colleges
http://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/jewish-refugee-scholars-at-black-colleges/

The Jewish Teacher Project
http://www.jewishteacher.org/

Jewish Virtual Library
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/index.html

Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights
http://www.civilrights.org/

Levine’s ‘Beyond Swastika’ charts Jewish scholars’ years at HBCUs
http://www.charlotteobserver.com/entertainment/article9122327.html

NAACP & JEWS
http://www.jewwatch.com/jew-organizations-NAACP.html

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
http://www.naacp.org/

National Museum of American Jewish History NMAJH
http://www.nmajh.org/educators/

REMARKABLE STORY OF JEWISH REFUGEE SCHOLARS
http://www.mjhnyc.org/pressroom/documents/BSAJC.pdf

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
http://sclcnational.org/our-history/

A Tale of Mutual Empathy
http://www.algemeiner.com/2013/01/16/a-tale-of-mutual-empathy-jewish-refugee-scholars-at-historically-black-colleges-and-universities/#

Tensions in Black-Jewish Relations
http://jwa.org/teach/livingthelegacy/tensions-in-black-jewish-relations

When Jewish Scholars Fled to the South
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB124053723862951143



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African-American Resources
http://www.ushistory.org/more/african-american.htm




African American Studies Library Research Guide
http://www.public.iastate.edu/~savega/aframer.htm




African Music Encyclopedia
http://africanmusic.org/




AFROPEDEA
http://www.afropedia.org



World Afropedia
http://worldafropedia.com/afropedia/Main_Page




African Indigenous Science and Knowledge Systems
http://www.africahistory.net/




Natives Wiki
http://tribalspedia.wikia.com/wiki/Natives_Wiki




Islamic Wiki
http://islam.wikia.com/




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AFRICAN AMERICAN INDEX

AFRICAN AMERICAN LINKS

AFRICAN STUDY

AFRICAN SUB-INDEX

AFRO-LATIN AMERICAN

AFRO-LATIN AMERICAN RESOURCES

AFRICAN NATIVE AMERICAN

AFRICAN NATIVE AMERICANS RESOURCES

DIASPORA

DIASPORA RESOURCES


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