HOW TO PERFORM GHUSL
BACK TO TOP
Ghusl, Gusl,is an Arabic term referring to the full-body ritual
purification mandatory before the performance of various rituals
and prayers, for any adult Muslim after having sexual intercourse,
ejaculation, or completion of the menstrual cycle.
The washing is also recommended but not required (i.e. it is mustahabb)
before Jumu'ah and Eid prayers, before entering the ihram in preparation
for Hajj, after having lost consciousness, and after formally converting.
The Shia also perform the ablution before Namaz-e-tawbah (Prayer of
Ghusl is often translated as "full ablution", as opposed to the "partial
ablution", of wudu that Muslims perform after lesser impurities such as
urination, defecation, breaking wind, deep sleep, light bleeding, etc.
BACK TO TOP
Muslim adults perform an ablution, called Ghusl in Arabic, prior to
rituals and prayers. This full-body ritual is required of men and
women after intercourse or other sexual acts, after menstruation,
after losing consciousness and giving birth or after death by natural
causes. The entire body must be washed, rubbed and covered with water
while intending to remove impurities from the body.
Finding Water for Washing
Find a source of clean water. This source can include rain, well, spring,
sea, river snowmelt or pond water. Water which covers an area of 21 by 21
feet (6.5 by 6.5m) is generally regarded as large enough to gather pure
Don't use impure water, water from fruit or trees or previous Ghusl or
Wudu water. Water that may have bodily fluids from animals or humans is
also unacceptable. Discolored water should not be used.
Make sure to use safe water to perform this ritual; in some warmer areas
of the world, water may contain naegleria fowleri, an amoeba that,
if inhaled into the nostrils, can cause a rare but usually fatal type of
brain infection. The CDC has guidelines on how this type of ritual ablution
can be done safely.
Use clean earth and rub it over your face and hands if you are traveling
and canâ€™t find a source of clean water. You should perform Ghusl
with water as soon as you find a water source.
Understanding Obligatory Ghusl
Perform the act of ghusl after ejaculation, whether you are a man or
a woman. It does not matter if you engaged in sexual intercourse or
not - it is also required after unlawful acts and after wet dreams.
Ghusl is not required for discharging madhiy (urethral fluid) which
sometimes seeps out after thinking of or desiring intercourse - wudhu
is sufficient in this case.
Go through Ghusl ablution after you end a menstruation bleeding if you
are a woman. This extends to bleeding after childbirth. If there is no
bleeding after childbirth, it should be performed on the 40th day after
Wash those who have died by natural causes with the same method. Those
who died in Jihad donâ€™t require Ghusl.
Opt to perform Ghusl voluntarily after one of the following occurrences.
This is preferred but not required.
When a disbeliever is converted to Islam.
Before Friday Prayer.
Before Eid Prayers.
After washing a corpse.
Before undertaking a pilgrimage to Makkah.
Find a place of total privacy to perform this ritual.
Begin with the intention of performing Ghusl for purification.
The intention is inside your heart and saying it verbally is
Say the Basmala â€śBismillah.â€ť Reciting the entire phrase is
Position yourself in front of water. Wash your right hand up to
and including your wrists. Rub between the fingers and repeat
Repeat with the left hand three times.
Wash your private parts. Repeat three times. Remove all traces of
semen (men) or vaginal discharge on the private parts with water
and rubbing of the hands.
After washing your hands 3 times, cup your right hand. Take water
from the clean source and pour it into your mouth. Swirl it inside
your mouth and spit it out.
Depending upon your preference, you can repeat this three times.
Sniff some water from your right hands into your nostrils. Blow the
water out into your left hand. Repeat three times.
Move onto your face. Wash it three times from your hairline to your
chin and jawbone. Extend the washing from ear to ear.
Men should wash their beard. They can take a handful of water below
the chin and rub it through the beard. Drag the wet fingers through
the beard once.
Wash the right arm up to the elbow three times. Repeat with the left arm.
Pour water over your head three times down to the roots of the hairs.
If men or women have braided hair, they should wet the base of the
braids and hair. If they canâ€™t wet the base, they should un-plait
Wash the entire right side of the body by pouring water liberally over
your shoulder and self. Repeat with the left side.
Pour water over your head. Rub every portion of your body with the water
to ensure your entire body is clean.
Move away from the area you just performed your washing or stand on a
platform. Wash the feet, right then left, up to the ankles. Make sure
to pour water between the toes and rub with your little finger.
Ensure you wash the soles of the foot.
All washing should be completed three times.
Dry the body with a clean towel and dress. Donâ€™t delay in covering your
body. As long as the entire body was washed three times in this order, you
are considered eligible to perform Salah.
How to Perform Ghusl
BACK TO TOP
Description of how to do ghusl for major impurity
Fard and Sunnat in Ghusl
GHUSL AL MAYYAH (WASHING THE BODY)
GHUSL (COMPLETE BATH)
Ghusl details from Teachings of Islam (Talim-ul-Haq)
GHUSL EXPLANATIONS & Q/A
Ghusl for women and men
Ghusl: Obligatory Baths
Ghusl (Total Bath)
BACK TO TOP
How To Perform Ghusl
How to perform Ghusl Bath in Islam
How to perform Ghusl bath in Islam
How to Perform Ghusl for Men and Women
How to perform Ghusl or Ritual Bath in Islam
How To Perform Ghusl (Spiritual Bath)
How to Perform Ghusl Taharat Complete Ablution in Islam
How to take Ghusl : Ritual bath in Islam
IS YOUR GHUSL CORRECT?
Laws of Islam Concerning Ritual Purity and Cleanliness
Muslims of United States IRH
Perform Ghusl Correctly
Ritual Purity in the Qurâ€™an, hadith and fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence)
BACK TO TOP
World Religions Index
Religion and Human Rights
BACK TO TOP