COMMUNITY




COMMUNITY

COMMUNITARIANISM

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

TYPES OF COMMUNITY

SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY

COMMUNITY ORGANIZING

TYPES OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZING

COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION

COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION TYPES

COMMUNITY LINKS



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SECTION 1



COMMUNITY




In biological terms, a community is a group
of interacting organisms sharing a populated
environment.



In human communities,

intent,

belief,

resources,

preferences,

needs,

risks,



and a number of other conditions may be
present and common, affecting the identity
of the participants and their degree of
cohesiveness.

In sociology, the concept of community has
led to significant debate, and sociologists
are yet to reach agreement on a definition
of the term.

There were ninety-four discrete definitions
of the term by the mid-1950s. Traditionally
a "community" has been defined as a group
of interacting people living in a common
location.

The word is often used to refer to a group
that is organized around common values and
is attributed with social cohesion within
a shared geographical location, generally
in social units larger than a household.

The word can also refer to the national
community or international community.




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SECTION 2



COMMUNITARIANISM




Communitarianism as a group of related but
distinct philosophies (or ideologies) began
in the late 20th century, opposing classical
liberalism and capitalism while advocating
phenomena such as civil society.

Not necessarily hostile to social liberalism,
communitarianism rather has a different
emphasis, shifting the focus of interest
towardcommunities and societies and
away from the individual.




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SECTION 3



COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT




Community development, often linked with
Community Work or Community Planning, is
often formally conducted by non-government
organisations (NGOs), universities or
government agencies to progress the social
well-being of local, regional and, sometimes,
national communities. Less formal efforts,
called community building or community
organizing, seek to empower individuals and
groups of people by providing them with the
skills they need to effect change in their
own communities.

These skills often assist in building political
power through the formation of large social
groups working for a common agenda. Community
development practitioners must understand both
how to work with individuals and how to affect
communities' positions within the context of
larger social institutions.




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SECTION 4



TYPES
OF
COMMUNITY




A number of ways to categorize types of
community have been proposed; one such
breakdown is:



1. Geographic communities:

range from the local neighbourhood, suburb,
village, town or city, region, nation or
even the planet as a whole. These refer to
communities of location.



2. Communities of culture:

range from the local clique, sub-culture,
ethnic group, religious, multicultural or
pluralistic civilisation, or the global
community cultures of today. They may be
included as communities of need or
identity, such as disabled persons, or
frail aged people.



3. Community organizations:

range from informal family or kinship
networks, to more formal incorporated
associations, political decision making
structures, economic enterprises, or
professional associations at a small,
national or international scale.



Community
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community



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SECTION 5



SUSTAINABLE
COMMUNITY




Sustainable communities are communities
planned, built, or modified to promote
sustainable living.



This may include
sustainability
aspects relating
to:

development,

water,

transportation,

energy,

waste,

materials.


They tend to focus
on environmental
sustainability
including:

development,

agriculture,

economic
sustainability.



Sustainable communities can focus
on sustainable urban infrastructure
and/or sustainable municipal
infrastructure.



Sustainable community
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainable_community



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SECTION 6



COMMUNITY
ORGANIZING




Community organizing is a process where
people who live in proximity to each
other come together into an organization
that acts in their shared self-interest.

Unlike those who promote more-consensual
"community building," community organizers
generally assume that social change
necessarily involves conflict and social
struggle in order to generate collective
power for the powerless.

A core goal of community organizing is to
generate durable power for an organization
representing the community, allowing it to
influence key decision-makers on a range
of issues over time.

In the ideal, for example, this can get
community organizing groups a place at
the table before important decisions are
made. Community organizers work with and
develop new local leaders, facilitating
coalitions and assisting in the
development of campaigns.




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SECTION 7



TYPES
OF
COMMUNITY
ORGANIZING




The three basic types
of community organizing
are:

1. grassroots or
"door-knocking" organizing,

2. faith-based community
organizing (FBCO),

3. coalition building.



Political campaigns often claim that their
door-to-door operations are in fact an
effort to organize the community, though
often these operations are focused
exclusively on voter identification and
turnout.



Community organizing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_organizing



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SECTION 8



COMMUNITY
ASSOCIATION




A community association is a nongovernmental
association of participating members of a
community, such as a neighborhood, village,
condominium, cooperative, or group of
homeowners or property owners in a delineated
geographic area.

Participation may be voluntary, require a
specific residency, or require participation
in an intentional community. Community
associations may serve as social clubs,
community promotional groups, service
organizations, youth sports group or
quasi-governmental groups.




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SECTION 9



COMMUNITY
ASSOCIATION
TYPES




Community land trust


Community garden


Community-supported
agriculture


Homeowners' association
association of property
owners within a community


Neighborhood association
voluntary association of
property owners or residents
in a neighborhood


Intentional community
may or may not include formal
association or governance


Neighborhood watch


Social club


National Homeowners
Association
an association of HOA
communities



Community association
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_association



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SECTION 10



COMMUNITY
LINKS




Abandoned Spaces
http://abandonedspaces.net/

Afiwi.com
http://www.afiwi.com/

American Community Gardening Association
http://www.communitygarden.org/

AnooX
http://www.anoox.com/

Bridges to Community
http://www.bridgestocommunity.org/

The Citizen's Handbook
http://www.vcn.bc.ca/citizens-handbook

Community Action Partnership
http://www.communityactionpartnership.com/

Community Associations Network
http://www.communityassociations.net/

Community of Science
http://www.cos.com/

Community Search Portal
http://www.correctsearch.com/


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Core Dilemmas of Community Organizing
http://www.educationaction.org/core-dilemmas-of-community-organizing.html

Disabled Community.Org
http://www.disabledcommunity.org/

eCommunity
http://www.ecommunity.com/

European Community Organizing Network
http://www.communityorganizing.eu/

Foundation for Community Association Research
http://www.cairf.org/

Foundation for Global Community
http://www.globalcommunity.org/

Global Community Initiatives
http://www.global-community.org/

Idealist.org Organizing Guide
http://www.idealist.org/resource_guides/guide_organizing_intro.html

Metro Community Development
http://www.metro-community.org/


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National Community Development Association NCDA!
http://www.ncdaonline.org/

One Community
http://www.onecommunity.org/

Online Introduction to Community Organizing Course
http://www.educationaction.org/online-organizing-course.html

Organizing in the United Kingdom
http://www.cof.org.uk/

Our Jewish Community.org
http://www.ourjewishcommunity.org/

SCORE Community
http://www.scorecommunity.org/

Small Community.org
http://www.smallcommunity.org/

Soul of the Community
http://www.soulofthecommunity.org/

Tenant Organizing Manual
http://www.tenant.net/Organize/Lenox/lh-title.html

Topicle Search Community
http://www.topicle.com/

The Women's Community
http://www.womenscommunity.org/


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