CIVIL
RIGHTS




CIVIL RIGHTS

CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS

AFRICAN-AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT (1954–68)

TOP 10 CIVIL RIGHTS PROTEST SONGS OF ALL TIME

CIVIL RIGHTS LINKS



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SECTION 1



CIVIL
RIGHTS




Personal liberties that belong to an individual, owing to his or
her status as a citizen or resident of a particular country or
community.

The most common legal application of the term civil rights involves
the rights guaranteed to U.S. citizens and residents by legislation
and by the Constitution. Civil rights protected by the Constitution
include Freedom of Speech and freedom from certain types of
discrimination.

Not all types of discrimination are unlawful, and most of an
individual's personal choices are protected by the freedoms to
choose personal associates; to express himself or herself; and
to preserve personal privacy. Civil rights legislation comes
into play when the practice of personal preferences and prejudices
of an individual, a business entity, or a government interferes
with the protected rights of others. The various civil rights laws
have made it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race, color,
religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. Discrimination
that interferes with voting rights and equality of opportunity in
education, employment, and housing is unlawful.



Civil Rights
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Civil+Rights



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SECTION 2



CIVIL
AND
POLITICAL
RIGHTS




Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals
freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private
individuals, and which ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and
political life of the society and state without discrimination or repression.

Civil rights include the ensuring of peoples' physical and mental integrity,
life and safety; protection from discrimination on grounds such as race,
gender, national origin, colour, sexual orientation, ethnicity, religion, or
disability; and individual rights such as privacy, the freedoms of thought
and conscience, speech and expression, religion, the press, assembly and
movement.

Political rights include natural justice (procedural fairness) in law, such
as the rights of the accused, including the right to a fair trial; due process;
the right to seek redress or a legal remedy; and rights of participation in
civil society and politics such as freedom of association, the right to assemble,
the right to petition, the right of self-defense, and the right to vote.

Civil and political rights form the original and main part of international human
rights. They comprise the first portion of the 1948 Universal Declaration of
Human Rights (with economic, social and cultural rights comprising the second
portion). The theory of three generations of human rights considers this group of
rights to be "first-generation rights", and the theory of negative and positive
rights considers them to be generally negative rights.



Civil and political rights
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_and_political_rights



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AFRICAN-AMERICAN
CIVIL RIGHTS
MOVEMENT
(1954–68)




The African-American Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights
Movement encompasses social movements in the United States whose
goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against
black Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal
protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution
and federal law.



African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African-American_Civil_Rights_Movement_(1954%E2%80%9368)



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SECTION 4



TOP 10
CIVIL RIGHTS
PROTEST
SONGS
OF ALL
TIME




Martin Luther King knew that the Civil Rights movement needed
a soundtrack and that every hero needed theme music. The Civil
Rights movement incorporated jazz, folk, R&B and gospel to use
music that everybody could relate to and be inspired by to help
change America in the 1950s and 1960s.



1. We Shall Overcome

This song, popularized by folk singer Pete Seeger, was the unofficial
anthem for the Civil Rights movement. There was no question that this
song inspired both the short and long term goals of the era and still
inspires people today.



2. Change Gonna Come

Sam Cooke’s song captured both the struggle, adversity and hope for
change that Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights movement brought.



3. Alabama

Coltrane did not need any lyrics to show the injustice, violence and
oppression that African Americans were facing in Alabama. Coltrane
wrote the song after hearing about the four girls who were killed in
a church bombing in Birmingham. He reportedly used Martin Luther King’s
cadence from the eulogy.



4. People Get Ready

This song captured the optimism and excitement of the Civil Rights
movement as well as the faith that Martin Luther King brought to it.



5. Strange Fruit

Billie Holiday’s “Strange Fruit” captured the ugly essence of lynchings
racism and the opposition to the Civil Rights movement.



6. Lift Every Voice And Sing

The Negro National Anthem, written by James Weldon Johnson in 1900,
took on a new meaning during the Civil Rights movement when its
prophecy became truth.



7. Times They Are A Changin

This song by Bob Dylan captured the spirit and essence of the change
and turmoil that surrounded the Civil Rights movement.



8. Go Tell It On The Mountain

This song uses Biblical analogies and the story of Moses freeing the
Jews from Egypt as an analogy for Martin Luther King and the Civil
Rights movement. While several version of this song are used as
Christmas song about Jesus Christ’s birth, several others use the
phrase “Set my people free” instead of the common, “Jesus Christ Is
Born.”



9. We Shall Not Be Moved

This song represented the determination of those in the Civil Rights
movement in the face of government and social oppression, “like a tree
that stands by the water, we shall not be moved.”



10. Oh Freedom

“Oh Freedom” harkened back to the slave days with phrase “Before I’ll
be a slave, I’ll be buried in my grave, and go home to my Lord and be
free,” inspiring the call for freedom in the Civil Rights movement.



Top 10 Civil Rights Protest Songs Of All Time
http://newsone.com/1460645/top-10-civil-rights-protest-songs-of-all-time/



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SECTION 5



CIVIL
RIGHTS
LINKS




AFRICAN AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS SONGS
http://cocojams.com/content/african-american-civil-rights-songs

The Albany Movement
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1057&sug=y

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute
http://www.bcri.org/index.html

Black Leaders of the Civil Rights Movement
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Feature.jsp?id=s-51&sug=y

Civil Rights
http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/index.html

Civil Rights
http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/Civil_rights

Civil Rights
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/civil-rights

Civil Rights as a People's Movement
http://www.american.edu/bgriff/H207web/civrights/CivilRightsOutline.htm

Civil Rights: Beyond Black & White
http://www.life.com/image/first/in-gallery/22816/civil-rights-beyond-black--white

Civil Rights Digital Library
http://crdl.usg.edu/voci/go/crdl/home

Civil rights during the Eisenhower Administration
http://eisenhower.archives.gov/research/online_documents/civil_rights_eisenhower_administration.html

The Civil Rights Era
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart9.html

Civil Rights in America: Connections to a Movement
http://civilrights.historybeat.com

Civil Rights Laws
http://civilrights.findlaw.com/enforcing-your-civil-rights/civil-rights-laws.html



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Civil Rights List
http://www.uhuh.com/control/list-civ.htm

Civil Rights Movement
http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-movement

Civil Rights Movement
http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/119368/American-civil-rights-movement

Civil Rights Movement
http://www.history.com/topics/civil-rights-movement

Civil Rights Movement 1955–1965
http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/civilrights-55-65

The Civil Rights Movement Through Film
http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1998/1/98.01.06.x.html

Civil Rights Movement Veterans
http://www.crmvet.org

Civil Rights Resource Guide
http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/civilrights/home.html

Civil Rights Songs
http://www.soulful-gospel-music-lyrics.com/CivilRightsSongs.html

The Committee on the Appeal for Human Rights and the Atlanta Student Movement
http://www.atlantastudentmovement.org

Essential Civil Rights Songs
http://folkmusic.about.com/od/toptens/tp/CivilRightsSong.htm

Folk Music and the Civil Rights Movement
http://folkmusic.about.com/od/news/a/MLK_Folk.htm

The Georgia Movement
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2716

History and images of the sit-in movement
http://www.sitins.com/index.shtml



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Know Your Rights
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/know.html

List of Civil Rights in America
http://civilrightsmovement.net/list-civil-rights-america/

Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Global Freedom Struggle
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia_contents/

Songs and the Civil Rights Movement
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_songs_and_the_civil_rights_movement/

Songs Of The Civil Rights Movement
http://www.npr.org/2010/01/18/99315652/songs-of-the-civil-rights-movement

WDAS Radio's Enduring Impact on the Civil Rights Movement
http://www.wdashistory.org

What Was Jim Crow?
http://www.ferris.edu/news/jimcrow/what.htm



AFROPEDEA
http://www.afropedia.org



World Afropedia
http://worldafropedia.com/afropedia/Main_Page




African Indigenous Science and Knowledge Systems
http://www.africahistory.net/




Natives Wiki
http://tribalspedia.wikia.com/wiki/Natives_Wiki




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