BASIC
NEEDS




BASIC NEEDS

LIST OF BASIC NEEDS

MOTIVATION AND PERSONALIT

WANT VS NEED

NEEDS OF CHILDREN

BASIC SURVIVAL NEEDS

HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

BASIC NEEDS LINKS

BASIC NEEDS RESOURCES





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SECTION 1



BASIC
NEEDS




The basic needs approach is one of the
major approaches to the measurement of
absolute poverty. It attempts to define
the absolute minimum resources necessary
for long-term physical well-being, usually
in terms of consumption goods.

The poverty line is then defined as the
amount of income required to satisfy
those needs.


A traditional list of
immediate "basic needs" is;

food
(including water),

shelter,

clothing.



Many modern lists emphasize the minimum
level of consumption of 'basic needs' of
not just food, water, and shelter, but
also sanitation, education, and healthcare.
Different agencies use different lists.

Related approaches, taking their cue from the
work of Amartya Sen, focus on 'capabilities'
rather than consumption.

In the development discourse, the basic needs
model focuses on the measurement of what is
believed to be an eradicable level of poverty.

Development programs following the basic needs
approach do not invest in economically productive
activities that will help a society carry its own
weight in the future, rather it focuses on allowing
the society to consume just enough to rise above
the poverty line and meet its basic needs.

These programs focus more on subsistence than
fairness. Nevertheless, in terms of "measurement",
the basic needs or absolute approach is important.



BASIC NEEDS
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basic_needs



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SECTION 2



LIST
OF
BASIC
NEEDS




We all have basic human needs that must be
satisfied or we experience dissonance leading
to internal and/or external reactions. Below
is a list of what could be considered 5 of the
most basic needs.

Each is examined in terms of what may result
when it is not met followed by some teacher
behaviors that might facilitate its attainment.



POWER:

We need to feel that we have some control over
our destiny. If we do not feel we have any
power, common internal reactions include;


becoming withdrawn,

passive aggressiveness,

while common external
reactions include;
rebellion,

hostility.



Teachers can give students a sense of power by
giving students choices, giving responsibility
for aspects of the class, giving rights, and
refraining from bossiness.



LOVE/BELONGING:

We need to feel like we are loved and that we
are a wanted part of a group. If we feel
perpetually unloved, alienated or isolated,
common internal reactions include;


a sense of guilt,

worthlessness,

loneliness,

lowered self-esteem,

while common external
reactions include;

acting out,

over achievement,

clowning,

pleasing.


Teachers can give students a greater sense of
love and belonging by recognizing unique
qualities and talents, creating an emotionally
safe, community environment, and showing a
sense of caring to the students.



COMPETENCE:

We need to feel a sense of self-efficacy.
If we feel useless, incompetent or
unappreciated, common internal reactions
include;


losing motivation
and/or a sense of
inadequacy,

while common external
reactions include;

bragging,

acting overly
competent,

attention getting,

excuse making.


Teachers can give students a greater sense
of competence by focussing on progress and
not products, recognizing incremental
achievement and original ideas, expressing
high expectations, and helping students
achieve the goals they have set for
themselves.



FREEDOM:

We need to feel like we are autonomous and
have freedom of choice.


If we feel too
restricted or
imprisoned,
common internal
reactions are
to become withdrawn
or resentful,

while common external
reactions include;

fighting back,
active resistance
and/or seeking paths
around the authority.


Teachers can help students experience freedom
through supporting autonomy and creativity
(when students act responsibly).



FUN:

We need to be able to have fun and express
ourselves.


If we are put in a
repressive and/or
tedious environment,

common internal
reactions include;

boredom,

frustration,

daydreaming,

while common external
reactions include;

making one’s own fun,

engaging the teacher
in (off-task) games,

hostility.


Teachers can promote student’s sense of fun
by the use of humor, providing opportunities
to play, making learning interesting and a
thoughtful use of healthy competition.



BASIC NEEDS
http://www.calstatela.edu/faculty/jshindl/cm/BasicNeeds.htm



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SECTION 3



MOTIVATION
AND
PERSONALIT




"Motivation and Personality" that each
person has a hierarchy of needs that
must be satisfied.


The needs include;


physiological needs,

safety needs,

needs for love,

needs for self esteem

needs for self actualization.



All five needs can
be explained as follows:


1. Physiological need:

Man needs;

foods,

shelter,

sex,

heat,

water,

air,

cloth.



These basic elements are commonly known to
be essential for being alive. There will be
no progress in other areas of life if these
needs have not yet to be fulfilled.



2. Safety need:

Human being wants security in life. He wants
to be safe from all dangers and want to make
sure that he can carry on our life without
any uncertainty.



3. Love and relationship need:

Man wants to be loved and want to be related
to others. We can not live alone and need to
be recognized by our love ones.

The need for love is so strong that it is the
major mold of character in the childhood and
it is the major ingredient that shape human
life in psychological theory.



4. Self esteem need:

This level of needs is understood to be for
inner fulfillment. Man wants to know that he
is important.

Besides he wants to feel that sense of
importance through himself.

This is why it is called "Self esteem".



5. Self actualization need:

The highest level of needs requires human
being to understand himself and see the
value in his self.

He tries to find himself through religion
and his spiritual guidance.

This is the area that is most meaningful
in human being's life.



Motivation and Personalit
http://ezinearticles.com/?Five-Basic-Needs,-Motivation-and-Visualization&id=571267



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SECTION 4



WANT
VS
NEED
BASIC
ECONOMICS




One of the most basic concepts
of economics is want vs. need.


What are they exactly?


A need is something you have to have,
something you can't do without. A good
example is food.

If you don't eat, you won't survive for
long. Many people have gone days without
eating, but they eventually ate a lot of
food.

You might not need a whole lot of food,
but you do need to eat.

A want is something you would like to have.
It is not absolutely necessary, but it
would be a good thing to have.

A good example is music. Now, some people
might argue that music is a need because
they think they can't do without it. But
you don't need music to survive. You do
need to eat.

These are general categories, of course.
Some categories have both needs and wants.
For instance, food could be a need or a
want, depending on the type of food.

You need to eat protein, vitamins, and
minerals. How you get them is up to you
(and your family).

You can eat meat, nuts, or soy products
to get protein. You can get fruits and
vegetables to get vitamins and minerals.

You can eat yogurt or cheese to get other
vitamins and minerals. You can eat bread
to get still more vitamins and minerals.
These basic kinds of foods are needs.



Want vs. Need: Basic Economics
http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/economics/wantsandneeds1.htm



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SECTION 5



FIVE
BASIC
NEEDS
OF
CHILDREN




I learned the concept of Five Basic Needs of
Children from the Parenting With Confidence
Facilitator's Training conducted by Focus on
the Family (Singapore).

Understanding the basic needs of our children
helps us as parents to meet our child's needs.



1. Acceptance


Children will feel secure if their parents
accept them unconditionally. They need
parents to be non-judgmental and not compare
them to others, accepting them as who they
are despite their behaviour.

Parents are advised to give their children
positive reassurance and encouragement.
Acceptance will help children to develop a
sense of security.

For example, a parent should always remind
their child that they love them and are
special to them, just by being their son
or daughter.



2. Affection

Parents need to show affection to their
children. This is how their children know
that their parent cares for them and loves
them.

Parents can spend quality time with their
children by talking, reading, writing,
playing, massaging and hugging them.

When parents show affection to their
children, their children will feel
loved and contended.



3. Attention

Children love to have attention from parents.
If the children have enough attention (quality
time) with the adult, many behavioral problems
and acting out may be reduced.

Sometimes, children misbehave to get attention
from parents. Children prefer negative attention
(e.g. scolding, punishment) rather than no
attention (being neglected or ignored) at all.

It is advisable for parents to set aside some
time to have some activities to communicate
your love with your children.

A parents' availability gives importance and
self-worth to children. When parents give
undivided attention to their children, they
will feel loved.

For instance, I play some bonding activities
(e.g. memory games, imagery games, role-playing
and so on) with my children after dinner.

My husband will read story books with children
before sleep. We do our best to give children
attention so that we can meet their emotional
needs.



4. Affirmation

Affirmation is the expression of acceptance.
It is to give children unconditional positive
feedback. Affirmation makes them feel importance.

It helps the children to build self-confidence
and self-esteem.

For instance, mother may say to her daughter,
”I appreciate your attentiveness during the
class. You are diligent. I am proud of you.
It is my honor to be your mother.”



5. Accountability

Children will feel-good that their parents
trust them and count on them. They will
learn how to take responsibility for their
actions, how to make good choices about
their behaviour, and face outcomes from
their choices. It helps to develop a sense
of responsibility in children.

For example, a child spills his water on
the floor. He asks his mother for a mop to
clean up the floor. Mother says, ”I recognize
that you are responsible to clean up the mess.

” By her showing her appreciation to her child's
effort to clean up the mess, the child knew that
he was responsible to face the consequences of
his action.

When parents praise the character quality of
their children, it helps them to develop good
character.


In conclusion;

acceptance,

affection,

attention,

affirmation,

accountability

are the five basic
needs of children.



Focusing on meeting those needs in your
children will help them develop good
characters and minimize behavior problems.

The earlier you start bonding and meeting your
child's basic needs the smoother parenting will
go.



Five Basic Needs of children
http://www.brighthub.com/parenting/grade-school/articles/62715.aspx



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SECTION 6



BASIC
SURVIVAL
NEEDS




If you are ever placed in a survival
situation then you must carefully
prioritize your needs.

It is widely accepted that for a human
to survive they must have access to the
following:



Warmth,

Water,

Sleep,

Food.




The well known author and tracker
Tom Brown Suggest that we must find
(In this order):



1. Shelter

2. Water

3. Fire

4. Food



Survival skills: are techniques a person
may use for an indefinite duration to
survive a dangerous situation sometimes
also referred to as Bushcraft.

In general survival skills are used to
provide the basic needs for human life,
additional survival skills can be employed
to signal for help, navigate back to safety
and to avoid unwanted attention from animals
and harmful plants.



In addition First
Aid can be a vital
survival skill.



One widely circulated concept to help set
priorities is called the "Rule of Three":
Employed mnemonic device, the Rule of
Three states:


1. Humans cannot survive more than three
hours exposed to extreme low-temperature.

2. Humans cannot survive more than three
days without water.

3. Humans cannot survive more than three
weeks without food.



Basic Survival Needs
http://www.peaksurvival.us/Basic_Needs.html



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SECTION 7



MASLOW'S
HIERARCHY
OF
NEEDS




Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs


1 Self Actualization Needs
(full potential)


2 Esteem Needs
(self respect personal worth, autonomy)


3 Love and Belongingness Needs
(love, friendship, comradeship)


4 Safety Needs
(security; protection from harm)


5 Physiological Needs;

food,

sleep,

stimulation,

activity.



Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
http://www.deepermind.com/20maslow.htm



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SECTION 8



BASIC
NEEDS
LINKS




Basic Human Needs
http://www.itstime.com/jun97.htm

BASIC NEEDS
http://www.basicneeds.net/

Basic Needs
http://www.ccfsn.org/basicneeds.html

Basic Needs Budget Calculator NCCP
http://www.nccp.org/tools/frs/budget.php

Basic Needs Foundation, Inc.
http://www.basicneedsfoundation.org/

Basic Needs Health and Human Services
http://www.mass.gov / ?pageID=eohhs2topic&L=3&

Basic Needs Steps by Uncommon Knowledge
http://www.uncommon-knowledge.co.uk/emotional_wellbeing/steps.html

Basic Needs US
http://www.basicneedsus.org/

The Importance Of Basic Needs
http://www.eruptingmind.com/importance-basic-needs/

Lesson Objectives for Teaching About Basic Needs
http://www.associatedcontent.com / article / 2929354 / lesson_objectives_for_te

United Way Fox Cities Basic Needs
http://www.unitedwayfoxcities.org /

The UN World Water Development Report
http://www.unesco.org/water/wwap/facts_figures/basic_needs.shtml

Women's Guide Basic Needs
http://www.lwvnj.org/womensguide/basic.htm



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SECTION 9



BASIC
NEEDS
RESOURCES




Anthropological theories of value
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropological_theories_of_value


Basic income
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basic_income


Living wage
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Living_wage


Maslow's hierarchy of needs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslow%27s_hierarchy_of_needs




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