AFRICAN
AFRICAN AMERICAN
AFRICAN-AMERICAN
BLACK
FARMERS




Genesis 2:15
The Lord God took the man and put him in
the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.




BLACK FARMERS

AGRICULTURE

SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

BLACKBELT

AFRICAN BLACK FARMERS LINKS

BIONEERS

SEED LINKS




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SECTION 1




BLACK
FARMERS




BLACK FARMERS:

A farmer is a person who is engaged in
agrarian business by using land. This
is a lifeway that was the dominant
occupation of the majority of human
beings well into the 20th century.

The term farmer usually applies to
a person who grows field crops, or
has orchards, vineyards or market
gardens with a view to selling to
others as food.

They may, however, provide raw
materials for industrial purposes,
such as the cereals for alcoholic
beverages, fruit for juices, hides
for leather, and wool or flax for
yarns and cloth-making.

Farmers may also be involved in
rearing cattle for meat or milk.
Often, a narrow range of crops
or produce is sold for money with
which the farmer buys everything
else in a market.




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SECTION 2



Agriculture




Agriculture:
a term which encompasses farming,
is the art, science or practice
of producing food, feed, fiber
and many other desired goods by
the systematic raising of plants
and animals.

Agri is from Latin ager ("a field"),
and culture is from Latin cultura,
meaning "cultivation" in the strict
sense of tillage of the soil.
Thus a literal reading of the English
word yields tillage of the soil of a
field. In actual usage, Agriculture
denotes a broad array of activities
essential to the food and the material
production, including all techniques
for raising and processing livestock
(Animal husbandry) no less than those
essential to crop planting and their
harvesting.

Agriculture is also short for the study of
the practice of agricultureómore formally
known as agricultural science.

Increasingly, in addition to food for
humans and animal feeds, agriculture
produces goods such as cut flowers,
ornamental and nursery plants, timber
or lumber, fertilizers, animal hides,
leather, industrial chemicals (starch,
sugar, ethanol, alcohols and plastics),
fibers (cotton, wool, hemp, and flax),
fuels (methane from biomass, biodiesel)
and both legal and illegal drugs.
Genetically engineered plants and animals
produce specialty drugs.



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SECTION 3



SUBSISTENCE
AGRICULTURE




SUBSISTENCE
AGRICULTURE:

Farming sometimes refers to subsistence
agriculture, the production of enough
food to meet just the needs of the
farmer/agriculturalist and his/her
family.
It may also refer to that of industrial
agriculture, often referred to as factory
farming) long prevalent in developed nations
and increasingly so elsewhere, which consists
of obtaining financial income from the
cultivation of land to yield produce, the
commercial raising of animals (animal
husbandry), or both.





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SECTION 4



ANIMAL
HUSBANDRY




ANIMAL HUSBANDRY:
Animal husbandry is the agricultural
practice of breeding and raising
livestock. As such, it is a vital
skill for farmers and, in some
countries in many ways, as much art
as it is science.




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SECTION 5



BLACKBELT




BLACKBELT:
The south's Black Belt is a region
of that, part of the larger south-
east Region of the Southern United
States, which stretches from Texas
to Virginia.
This region includes some of the
poorest counties in the United States.
The name referred originally to the
thin layer of exceptionally fertile
black soil which encouraged cotton
farming in the pioneer period of the
south's history.
It may just as well now refer to the
exceptionally high proportion of the
African American residents in these
counties.


Major characteristics of
Black Belt counties include:

Rich, dark loamy soil underlain by a
soft limestone known as Selma chalk.

Primary industry remains agriculture
with little industrial or commercial
development.

Proportionally large African American
population.

High unemployment rate.

Low rates of educational attainment.

Isolated from major transportation
infrastructure.

Limited access to health care.

Substandard housing stock.




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SECTION 6



AFRICAN AMERICAN
BLACK
FARMERS
LINKS





4-H
http://www.4-H.org/

7 Urban Farmers You Should Know
http://www.theroot.com/7-urban-farmers-you-should-know-1790859576

25 Influential Women in Food and Agriculture
https://foodtank.com/news/2016/01/women-we-love-27-influential-women-in-food-and-agriculture/

African American farmers
http://passtheword.ky.gov/library-congress/african-american-farmers

African-American farmers
https://goodblacknews.org/tag/african-american-farmers/

African American farmers
http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/45a/index-dd.html

THE AFRICAN ENVIRONMENTAL
RESEARCH AND CONSULTING GROUP

http://www.africaenviro.org/

AFRICAN NEWS AGENCY
http://www.afrol.com/

African Women Farmers Working for Better Lives
http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/agriculture-africa-women-farmers-plantwise-protection-pests-diseases/1823596.html

Agriculture Scholarships for Women Farmers
http://www.scholarshipsforwomen.net/agriculture/

Agrilicious
http://www.agrilicious.org/

Agritecture
http://agritecture.com/

AgWeb
http://www.agweb.com/

American Agri-Women
http://americanagriwomen.org/

American Black Farmers Project
http://americanblackfarmersproject.com/

AV6V
http://www.ac6v.com/

BACKYARD NATURE
http://www.backyardnature.net/

Beginning Farmers
http://www.beginningfarmers.org/

Beginning and Minority Farmers
http://sustainableagriculture.net/category/beginning-minority-farmers/

Black Agenda Report
http://www.blackagendareport.com/

BLACKBELT ACTION
http://www.blackbeltaction.org/

Black Farmers
http://thecolorofood.com/tag/black-farmers/

Black Farmers
https://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Online_Highlights/Fact_Sheets/Demographics/black.pdf

THE BLACK FARMERS AND
AGRICULTURALISTS ASSOCIATION

http://www.bfaa.net/

Black Farmers in America
https://www.rd.usda.gov/files/RR194.pdf

Black Urban Growers
http://bugs.nationbuilder.com/

The BLK ProjeK
http://www.theblkprojek.org/

Captain Compost
http://www.captaincompostalabama.com/

City Farmer News
http://www.cityfarmer.info/

Civil Eats
http://civileats.com/

The Color of Food
http://thecolorofood.com/

Digital Farm TV
http://digitalfarmtv.com/

ECOLOGY CENTER
http://www.ecologycenter.org/



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EQUALITY GRANTS
http://www.equalitygrants.com/

Fair Food Network
http://www.fairfoodnetwork.org/

Farmaid
https://www.farmaid.org/

FARM AFRICA
http://www.farmafrica.org.uk/

FARMER ALMANAC
http://www.farmersalmanac.com/

FARMER ALMANAC TV
http://www.farmersalmanactv.com/

Farmers Feeding The World
http://www.farmersfeedingtheworld.org/

Farm Grants for Women
http://smallbusiness.chron.com/farm-grants-women-12842.html

Farming
http://www.npr.org/tags/141290266/farming

Farm Journal Media
http://www.farmjournalmedia.com/

Farm Journal TV
http://www.agweb.com/farmjournal/multimedia/farm-journal-tv/

Farm-to-Table in Communities of Color
http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2013/04/farm-to-table-in-communities-of-color/274864/

Farm TV
http://www.farm.tv/

Farm Veterans
http://www.farmvetco.org/

Food Day
http://www.foodday.org/

Future Farmer of America
https://www.ffa.org/home

Georgia Organics
https://georgiaorganics.org/

GLOBAL INVASIVE
SPECIES DATABASE

http://www.invasivespecies.net/

The Global
Oneness Commitment

http://www.experiencefestival.com/

Growing Power
http://www.growingpower.org/

HEIFER INTERNATIONAL
http://www.heifer.org/



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HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
http://www.hrw.org/

INVASIVE SPECIES
SPECIALIST GROUP(ISSG)

http://www.issg.org/

Kansas Black Farmers Association
http://www.kbfa.org/

Keeping Black Farmers in the Picture
http://www.cuesa.org/article/keeping-black-farmers-picture

La Familia Verde
http://www.lafamiliaverde.org/

LAND RESEARCH ACTION NETWORK
http://www.landaction.org/

Land and the roots of African-American poverty
https://aeon.co/ideas/land-and-the-roots-of-african-american-poverty

Milk Business
http://www.milkbusiness.com/

Minority and Women Farmers and Ranchers
https://www.fsa.usda.gov/programs-and-services/farm-loan-programs/minority-and-women-farmers-and-ranchers/index

Modern Farmer
http://modernfarmer.com/

My Farm TV
http://www.myfarmtv.com/

National Agricultural Week
http://blogs.usda.gov/tag/national-agricultural-week/

National Black Agriculture Awareness Week
http://buildinggreennetwork.org/tag/national-black-agriculture-awareness-week/

National Black Farmers Association
http://www.blackfarmers.org/

National Black Farmers Association NBFA
http://www.nationalblackfarmersassociation.org/

National Farm to School Network
http://www.farmtoschool.org/

Outdoor Afro
http://www.outdoorafro.com/

OXFAM AMERICA
http://www.oxfamamerica.org/

Rise & Root Farm
http://www.riseandrootfarm.com/

SMALLBIZ TECHNOLOGY
http://www.smallbiztechnology.com/

Shop Farm Journal
http://www.shopfarmjournal.com/

Slow Food Atlanta
http://www.slowfoodatlanta.org/

Small Farmer's Journal
https://smallfarmersjournal.com/

The Soil Science Society
of Southern Africa

http://www.soils.org.za/

SOUTH AFRICA ONLINE
http://www.southafrica.co.za/

Southeastern African American Farmers Organic Network (SAAFON)
http://www.saafon.org/

The Southern Rural Black Women's Initiative
for Social and Economic Justice (SRBWI)

http://srbwi.org/index.php

Tuskegee University
http://www.tuskegee.edu/

TV ACRES
http://www.tvacres.com/

Urban Creators
http://www.phillyurbancreators.org/

Urban Farmer
http://www.ufseeds.com/

Urban Intellectuals
http://urbanintellectuals.com/

U.S. AGENCY FOR
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

http://www.usaid.gov/

Veteran Farmers of America
http://www.vetfarm.org/

What happened to Americaís black farmers?
http://grist.org/people/what-happened-to-americas-black-farmers/

Women in Agriculture
http://www.globalagriculture.org/report-topics/women-in-agriculture.html

women farmers
https://hbcumoney.com/tag/women-farmers/



African-American history
of agriculture in the United States

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African-American_history_of_agriculture_in_the_United_States




National Black Farmers Association
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Black_Farmers_Association




National Ag Day
https://www.agday.org/




National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition
http://sustainableagriculture.net/




The Root
http://www.theroot.com/




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SECTION 7



BIONEERS




BIONEERS
Offers pragmatic solution that honors the living
web of the natural world as the most fertile source
of inspiration and models.



BIONEERS
http://www.bioneers.org




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SECTION 8



SEED
LINKS




GROW SEED
http://www.growseed.org

HEIRLOOM SEED
SAVERS ORGANIZATION

http://www.suite101.com

NatureNode Seed Exchange
http://www.naturenode.com/

SEED OF CHANGE
http://www.seedsofchange.com

SEED SAVERS EXCHANGE
http://www.seedsavers.org

SEED SAVERS NETWORK
http://www.seedsavers.net

SEED SWAPPERS
http://www.seedswappers.com



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