AIRBORNE DISEASE
AIRBORNE-DISEASE




AIRBORNE DISEASE

WHAT IS AN AIRBORNE DISEASE

HOW DO INFECTION GO AIRBORNE ?

AIRBORNE DISEASE RELATED TOPICS

AIRBORNE DISEASE LINKS



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SECTION 1



AIRBORNE DISEASE




An airborne disease is any disease that is caused by pathogens and
transmitted through the air. Such diseases include many that are of
considerable importance both in human and veterinary medicine. The
relevant pathogens may be viruses, bacteria, or fungi, and they may
be spread through coughing, sneezing, raising of dust, spraying of
liquids, or similar activities likely to generate aerosol particles
or droplets. Strictly speaking airborne diseases do not include
conditions caused simply by air pollution such as dusts and poisons,
though their study and prevention may be related.



Causes


An airborne disease can be caused by exposure to a source: an infected
patient or animal, by being transferred from the infected person or
animalís mouth, nose, cut, or needle puncture. People receive the disease
through a portal of entry: mouth, nose, cut, or needle puncture.



Transmission


Airborne transmission of disease depends on several physical variables
endemic to the infectious particle. Environmental factors influence the
efficacy of airborne disease transmission; the most evident environmental
conditions are temperature and relative humidity. The sum of all the
factors that influence temperature and humidity, either meteorological
(outdoor) or human (indoor), as well as other circumstances influencing
the spread of the droplets containing the infectious particles, as winds,
or human behavior, sum up the factors influencing the transmission of
airborne diseases.



Prevention


Some ways to prevent airborne diseases include washing hands, using appropriate
hand disinfection, getting regular immunizations against diseases believed to be
locally present, wearing a respirator and limiting time spent in the presence of
any patient likely to be a source of infection. Exposure to a patient or animal
with an airborne disease does not guarantee receiving the disease. Because of the
changes in host immunity and how much the host was exposed to the particles in the
air makes a difference to how the disease affects the body.



Airborne disease
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airborne_disease



Vector (epidemiology)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vector_(epidemiology)




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SECTION 2



WHAT IS AN
AIRBORNE DISEASE ?




An airborne disease is one that can be transmitted through the air.
Typically, these diseases travel on dust particles or respiratory
droplets by way of sneezes, coughs, and even laughter and speaking.
Sometimes, close contact with an infected person or some other
carrier of the disease is all thatís necessary for airborne
contamination. Common ways to prevent these diseases include receiving
vaccines and avoiding contact with an infected person. Treatments vary
depending on the disease, but most are curable with certain medications
and rest.

Some of the most common examples of airborne diseases include influenza,
chickenpox, and Newcastle diseases. Although these diseases can cause
serious harm and even death for some patients, theyíre usually easily
curable if diagnosed and treated in time. More life-threatening airborne
diseases include meningitis, anthrax, tuberculosis, and smallpox, though
vaccines have advanced such that these diseases can be prevented.

Many of these diseases can be prevented with vaccines. For example, itís
common for people in some countries to receive influenza vaccines, or
flu shots, each year. Depending on the disease, these vaccines might be
updated as the strains change. Of course, sometimes prevention is a matter
of prior exposure to the airborne disease. Such is the case with people who
contract chickenpox when theyíre young and avoid catching the disease again
for the rest of their lives.



What is an Airborne Disease?
http://www.wisegeekhealth.com/what-is-an-airborne-disease.htm



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SECTION 3



HOW DO
INFECTIONS
GO AIRBORNE ?




Infectious diseases are caused by a variety of organisms,
including viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. There
are just as many different ways that infections can spread.
Sometimes, they're carried by vectors like flies, mites,
mosquitoes or rats, which pass their diseases by biting or
stinging humans. Many infections are spread via bodily fluids
you would have to have unprotected sex with an infected person
or be exposed to their blood or saliva. Others are transmitted
by the delightfully named fecal-oral route, which means that
one person has expelled stool contaminated with a pathogen and
another person has consumed that stool (hence the outrage when
news outlets expose the amount of fecal matter present on
escalator rails and doorknobs -- good hygiene and diligent hand
washing are vital to preventing fecal-oral transmission).



How do infections go airborne?
http://health.howstuffworks.com/diseases-conditions/infectious/infection-airborne.htm



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SECTION 4



AIRBORNE DISEASE
RELATED TOPICS




Can Rats Detect Diseases?
http://www.wisegeek.com/can-rats-detect-diseases.htm

What Are Airborne Particles?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-airborne-particles.htm

What is Tropical Medicine?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-tropical-medicine.htm

What are the Different Ways to Control Communicable Diseases?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-different-ways-to-control-communicable-diseases.htm

What is Interstitial Lung Disease?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-interstitial-lung-disease.htm

What are Leading Areas of Public Health Research?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-leading-areas-of-public-health-research.htm



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SECTION 5



AIRBORNE DISEASE
AIRBORNE-DISEASE
LINKS




Airborne Diseases
http://www.nutramed.com/Air/airborne_diseases.htm

The Air-Borne Diseases
http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/9172/1/The-Air-Borne-Diseases-Part-I.html

Airborne Disease Control
http://www.actionbioscience.org/environment/kowalski.html

Airborne infection
http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/airborne+infection

Airborne Precautions
http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/dtopics/infectioncontrol/pre/airborne.html

Airborne Transmission
http://www.cdc.gov/hantavirus/technical/hanta/airborne-transmission.html

Airborne Transmission
http://www.drgreene.com/articles/airborne-transmission/

Healthcare-associated Infections (HAIs)
http://www.cdc.gov/HAI/settings/outpatient/basic-infection-control-prevention-plan-2011/transmission-based-precautions.html

Infectious Diseases
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/healthcarefacilities/infectious_diseases.html

Infectious Disease Epidemiology Program
http://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/infectious-disease/epi/airborne/

List of Air Borne Diseases
http://www.livestrong.com/article/79478-list-air-borne-diseases/

Preventing Airborne Disease Transmission
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2011/124064/

What is an airborne disease?
http://www.iaff.org/hs/Resi/infdis/What_is_an_airborne_disease.htm



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