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AFRICA




Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.
At about 30.2 million km˛ (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands,
it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent
of the total land area. With 1.0 billion people, it accounts for about 15%
of the world's human population.

The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the
Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the
Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The
continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagoes. It has 54 fully
recognised sovereign states ("countries"), 9 territories and two de facto
independent states with limited or no recognition.

Africa's name is derived from an ancient area in modern day Tunisia known as
Ifriqiya or sunny place, in Tamazight. Africa, particularly central Eastern
Africa, is widely accepted as the origin of humans and the Hominidae clade
(great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and
their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven
million years ago – including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus
africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the
earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa
200,000 years ago.[4] Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous
climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate
to southern temperate zones.



Languages


By most estimates, well over a thousand languages (UNESCO has estimated around
two thousand) are spoken in Africa. Most are of African origin, though some are
of European or Asian origin. Africa is the most multilingual continent in the
world, and it is not rare for individuals to fluently speak not only multiple
African languages, but one or more European ones as well. There are four major
language families indigenous to Africa.

The Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family of about 240 languages and 285
million people widespread throughout the Horn of Africa, North Africa, the Sahel,
and Southwest Asia.

The Nilo-Saharan language family consists of more than a hundred languages spoken
by 30 million people. Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken by ethnic groups in Chad,
Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, and northern Tanzania.

The Niger–Congo language family covers much of Sub-Saharan Africa and is probably
the largest language family in the world in terms of different languages.

The Khoisan languages number about fifty and are spoken in Southern Africa by
approximately 120,000 people. Many of the Khoisan languages are endangered. The
Khoi and San peoples are considered the original inhabitants of this part of Africa.



Africa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Africa



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AFRICA
CONTINENT




Africa, known for safaris, wild animals and the extreme poverty,
is the second largest continent of the 7 continents in the world.
It is rich in history, language, culture, and geographic diversity.

Africa plays host to some of the most incredible deserts, mountains,
animals, reptiles, birds, insects on planet earth.

Africa is comprised of 54 separate countries and nine territories,
and two de facto states that are basically their own entities with
no special rights or recognition.

Africa is made up of approximately 11.7 square miles, and has about
22% of the world’s land mass. Africa has the world’s youngest
population, with half of their over billion people being under 19
years of age.



The People of Africa

There is great diversity in Africa, and there are many different
native people groups. Many of these people groups have their own
languages, and there are well over a thousand languages recognized
on the African continent. Because of this, the African continent
has the highest level of multi-lingualism in the world.

The people of Africa tend to be religious, with the majority of
them identifying themselves as followers of Islam. Christianity
is the second most popular religion in Africa, followed by
religions native to Africa. Only a small number of Africans do
not consider themselves to be religious.



Africa Continent
http://www.whatarethe7continents.com/africa-continent/



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SECTION 3



AFRICA
LINKS




ACMAD
http://www.acmad.org/index_en.php

Africa
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/7924/Africa

Africa
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/africa

Africa
http://wikitravel.org/en/Africa

Africa
http://www.dmoz.org/Regional/Africa/

Africa
http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/continents/africa/

Africa
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/geography/africa/

Africa.com
http://www.africa.com/

Africa contenent map
http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa/africaa.htm

Africa: Country Pages
http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Home_Page/Country.html

Africa: Djibouti
http://www.djibouti.org/

Africa Interactive Map
http://www.usaraf.army.mil/MAP_INTERACTIVE/INTERACTIVE_MAP.swf

African
http://www.loc.gov/rr/amed/

African Kingdoms
http://www.africankingdoms.com/

African Leadership Academy
http://www.africanleadershipacademy.org/



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Africa Map
http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/af.htm

The African Hope Learning Centre
http://africanhopelc.com/

Africa Policy Information Centre (APIC)
http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Urgent_Action/menu_APIC.html

Africa South of the Sahara
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/

all Africa.com current news, events and statistics
http://allafrica.com/

Aluka Digital library of scholarly resources from and about Africa
http://www.aluka.org/

BBC News - Africa
http://www.bbc.com/news/world/africa/

Countries of Africa
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/africa.htm

Countries of Africa
http://geography.about.com/library/maps/blrafrica.htm

Focus on Africa
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/focus_magazine/index.shtml

Image Map of Africa
http://www.africaguide.com/afmap.htm

The Index on Africa
http://www.afrika.no/index/

Kenyayote Kenyan leading Campus
http://kenyayote.com

Learning Centers in South Africa
http://www.fyple.co.za/category/education/educational-administration/learning-center/

List of all African Countries in alphabetical order
http://listofafricancountries.com/

She Leads Africa
https://sheleadsafrica.org/

The Story of Africa
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/index_section10.shtml

South Africa
http://www.dmoz.org/Regional/Africa/South_Africa/

TENET, the main academic network in Africa
http://www.tenet.ac.za/

Timbuktu
http://www.livescience.com/26451-timbuktu.html

TRADE KINGDOMS
http://www.africanculturalcenter.org/4_4tradekingdoms.html



AFROPEDEA
http://www.afropedia.org


World Afropedia
http://worldafropedia.com/afropedia/Main_Page




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AFRICAN AMERICAN INDEX

AFRICAN AMERICAN LINKS

AFRICAN SUB-INDEX

AFRO-LATIN AMERICAN

AFRO-LATIN AMERICAN RESOURCES

AFRICAN NATIVE AMERICAN

AFRICAN NATIVE AMERICANS RESOURCES

DIASPORA

DIASPORA RESOURCES


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