ACTIVIST
ACTIVISM
ADVOCACY




Whoever reports the news(media),
controls the news,
and sometimes history.




THINK GLOBAL
ACT LOCAL




ACTIVIST

ACTIVISM

WHAT IS AN ACTIVIST?

WHAT IS GRASSROOTS ACTIVISM?

ACTIVISM RELATED TOPICS

THE FOUR TYPES OF ACTIVIST

ACTIVIST LINKS



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SECTION 1



ACTIVIST




An activist is a person who campaigns for some kind of social
change. When you participate in a march protesting the closing
of a neighborhood library, you're an activist.

Someone who's actively involved in a protest or a political or
social cause can be called an activist. Demonstrations, strikes,
and sit-ins are all ways that an activist might work toward the
change she believes in. The root word of activist is the Latin
actus, "a doing, a driving force, or an impulse." Someone who
acts on what she believes is an activist.



Activist
http://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/activist



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SECTION 2



ACTIVISM




Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social,
political, economic, or environmental change, or stasis. Various
forms of activism range from writing letters to newspapers or
politicians, political campaigning, economic activism such as
boycotts or preferentially patronizing businesses, rallies, street
marches, strikes, sit-ins, and hunger strikes. Research is beginning
to explore how activist groups in the United States and Canada are
using social media to facilitate civic engagement and collective
action.



Activism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Activism



Lists of activists
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lists_of_activists




Activists by type
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Activists_by_type




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SECTION 3



WHAT IS
AN ACTIVIST?




WAn activist is someone who takes action in support of or opposition
to a cause. Activism can take a range of forms, from writing letters
to government representatives to organizing boycotts. Some activists
engage in radical or even illegal activity to further their ends,
while others prefer to stay within the boundaries of the law to win
more supporters to their causes. Every time someone writes a letter
to the editor, educates a friend about an issue, or phones an elected
official, he or she is participating in activism.



What is an Activist?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-an-activist.htm



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SECTION 4



WHAT IS
GRASSROOTS ACTIVISM?




Grassroots activism consists of a group of like-minded people coming
together for a cause they believe in. Grassroots activists are not
usually controlled by any political party. Their issues are often
directly opposed to the policies of the major political powers.

Grassroots activism is often defined as being at the bottom of the
political pyramid. Grassroots causes and issues are often the
opposite of those of the political powers at the top of the pyramid.
However, many major politicians become involved in grassroots issues
if they feel strongly enough about the issue. Some cynics may say
this is just another way for politicians to garner votes.

Political freedom is a major concern of the grassroots activist.
Freedom of speech and the right to protest are essential to
grassroots activism. People in Western society can take these
right for granted, but there are still many countries in which
one can be imprisoned for protesting.



What Is Grassroots Activism?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-grassroots-activism.htm



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SECTION 5



ACTIVISM
RELATED TOPICS




What Are Affinity Groups?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-affinity-groups.htm

What Is Maladministration?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-maladministration.htm

What Was the Million Man March?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-was-the-million-man-march.htm

How Do I Become a Legislator?
http://www.wisegeekedu.com/how-do-i-become-a-legislator.htm

What is a Soapbox?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-soapbox.htm

What is Direct Action?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-direct-action.htm

What Is a Political Movement?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-political-movement.htm

What is an Activist?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-an-activist.htm



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SECTION 6



THE FOUR TYPES
OF ACTIVIST




Divide and conquer

The basic strategy for dealing with antagonistic activist movements:

According to the doctrine of most PR firms, there are four basic types
of activists:



radicals,

opportunists,

idealists,

realists.



PR firms deal with antagonistic movements by dividing the different
types, using different tactics for each group:


Isolate the radicals.

Get the opportunists on the payroll if needed, or ignore them.

Cultivate/educate the idealists and convert them to realists.

Co-opt the realists into agreeing with industry.


Radical activists have socio-political motives for subverting the system.
They see multinational corporations as inherently evil, and do not trust
the government to protect the people or the environment from the interests
of big business. Their larger goals can be characterized as "social justice
and political empowerment". Radicals cannot be converted. Therefore, they
must be isolated. Their credibility must be destroyed through conversion of
the other factions or by personal attacks.

Idealists can be the most difficult activists to deal with. Idealists tend
to want a perfect and ethical world. Typically they have nothing material
to gain from their beliefs. This, combined with a symptomatic altruism,
gives them great credibility and disproportionate influence over the public
and the media. Idealists must be dealt with by education, for they will
change their positions if it can be shown that their policies cause harm to
others. However, the education process can be intensive and difficult for
the manipulator, requiring great sensitivity to the issues concerning the
idealist.

Opportunists are those who engage in activism for their own gain. They may
be after power, increased visibility, or even money. Opportunists can be
easily dealt with by "providing them with at least the perception of a
partial victory".

Realists are the key to most PR campaigns. They are the ones who are willing
to work with trade-offs, and their pragmatism makes them the ones most open
to negotiation. They will work within the system, often being willing to
enter into partnerships with the business concerns that PR firms represent.
Once these relationships have been established, the opportunists are always
willing to share the credit, and the radicals will lose credibility and be
neutralized.



The Four Types of Activist
http://www.everything2.com/title/The+Four+Types+of+Activist



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SECTION 7



ACTIVIST
LINKS




13 Types of Activism
http://lissnup.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/13-types-of-activism-r-watson/

Action Against Hunger
http://www.aah-usa.org/

Activist Groups and Organizations
http://www.goodmoney.com/directry_active.htm

Activist Organizations
http://progressiverags.com/events.html

ACTIVIST ORGANIZATIONS
http://www.catholicleague.org/activist-organizations-11/

Activist Organization List
http://www.activistfacts.com/organizations/

Activist Post
http://www.activistpost.com/

ALTERNATIVE MEDIA SYNDICATE
http://alternativemediasyndicate.com/

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
http://www.aclu.org/

Center for Defense Information
http://www.cdi.org

Change.org
https://www.change.org/

Contacting Political Activist Groups
http://www.politicalindex.com/sect10.htm

Co-op America
http://www.coopamerica.org

Earth WINS
http://www.earthwins.com/



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Environmental Defense Fund
http://www.edf.org

Environmental Working Group (EWG)
http://www.ewg.org/

Equality Project
http://www.equalityproject.org/

Friends of the Earth
http://www.foe.org

The Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/us

Grassroots International
http://www.grassrootsonline.org

Habitat for Humanity International
http://www.habitat.org/

The Intellectualist
https://theintellectualist.co/

International Co-operative Alliance (ICA)
http://www.coop.org/welcome.htm

International Fund for Animal Welfare
http://www.ifaw.org/

Introduction to Activism
http://www.permanentculturenow.com/what-is-activism/

List of Civil Liberties Activist Groups
http://civilliberty.about.com/od/issuesandcauses/tp/List-of-Activist-Groups.htm

The National Council of Women's Organizations (NCWO)
http://www.womensorganizations.org/

THIRTEEN TYPES OF ACTIVISM
http://activism101.org/dwguide/thirteentypes.html

What Do Activist Groups Do?
http://www.dol.gov/dol/aboutdol/history/herman/reports/futurework/conference/grassroots/results_5.htm

What Makes an Activist?
http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200307/what-makes-activist



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